This section is from the "The Fruit Manual; Containing The Descriptions and synonymes of the fruits and fruit trees commonly met with in the gardens & orchards of Great Britain, with selected lists of those most worthy of cultivation" book, by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual
Abbe Mongein. See Uvedale's St. Germain. Abondance. See Amour.
Achan (Black Achan; Black Bess; Red Achan; Winter Beurre).—Fruit medium sized, obovate, flattened towards the eye. Skin varying from pale greenish-yellow, to dark greyish-green, and covered on one side with dull brownish-red. Eye open, set in a slightly depressed basin. Stalk about an inch long. Flesh tender, rich, melting, sugary, and highly perfumed. Ripe in November.
Though an excellent Scotch dessert pear, this is perfectly worthless in the south of England.
Adam's Flesh. See Chair a Dames.
Adele de St. Denis. See Baronne de Mello.
Ah! Mon Dieu. See Amour.
Albert. See Beurre d'Amanlis.
Albertine. — Fruit above medium size, Doyenne shaped. Skin smooth and shining, of a pale lemon colour, strewed with very large russet dots, and with a faint blush of red next the sun. Eye half open, set in a shallow depression. Stalk short and stout. Flesh very tender, melting, and buttery, piquant and perfumed. A first-rate pear, with a slight musky flavour. Ripe in September and October.
Alexandre Bivort.—Fruit rather below medium size, obovate. Skin shining, clear yellow, and covered with pale brown and green dots. Stalk woody, half an inch to three-quarters long. Flesh white, with a reddish tinge, buttery, melting, and very juicy, richly flavoured, and with a high aroma. A first-rate pear. Ripe in the end of December and continues till February. The tree has a bushy habit of growth.
Alexandre Lambre.—Fruit medium sized, round or roundish-oval, uneven in its outline. Skin smooth, greenish-yellow, with sometimes a tinge of red next the sun, and considerably covered with lines and dots of russet. Stalk an inch, long, and thick. Flesh white, half-melting, very juicy, sweet, and aromatic. December till February.
Alexandrina.—A medium sized, early, melting pear, which succeeds well on the quince, perfectly hardy, and forming a handsome pyramid. Ripe in September.— Riv. Cat.
Althorp Crasanne.—Medium size, roundish-obovate, narrowing rather towards the eye than the stalk. Skin pale green, dotted with russet, brownish next the sun. Stalk an inch and a half long, curved, slender, and moderately depressed. Eye with the segments much divided, set in a slightly plaited shallow basin. Flesh white, buttery, juicy, rich, and perfumed. October to Novem-ber. A first-rate pear in some situations.
Ambree Gris. See Ambrette d'Hiver.
Ambrette. See Ambrette d'Hiver.
Ambrette Grise. See Ambrette d'Hiver
Ambrette d'Hiver (Ambree Gris; Ambrette; Ambrette Grise; Belle Gabrielle; Trompe Valet).—Fruit medium sized, roundish, almost oval. Skin pale green, or greenish-grey. Eye small and open, with flat and reflexed segments, and set in a shallow basin. Stalk about an inch long, stout, and inserted in a small cavity. Flesh white when grown on the quince, and tinged with green when grown on the pear stock, rich, melting, and juicy, with an agreeable musky perfume, supposed to resemble that of Ambergris, and from which its name is derived. A very good dessert pear; in season from November to January.
Ambrosia (Early Beurre). — Fruit medium sized, roundish, depressed, and rather more swollen on one side than the other. Skin greenish-yellow, covered with grey specks. Eye small, closed with short segments, and set in a wide and rather deep basin. Stalk long and slender, rather deeply inserted. Flesh tender, melting, juicy, and highly perfumed. Ripe in September.
Amiral. See Arbre Courbe.
Amire Joannet (Joannet; Petit St. Jean; St. Jean; Early Sugar; Harvest Pear).—Fruit small, regularly pyriform. Skin very smooth, at first of a pale greenish-yellow colour, which changes as it ripens to deep waxen yellow, and with a tinge of red next the sun. Eye open, with stout, erect segments, placed even with the surface. Stalk an inch and a half to an inch and three quarters long, stout and fleshy at the insertion. Flesh white, tender, juicy, sugary, and pleasantly flavoured, but soon becomes mealy.
One of the earliest summer pears. Ripe early in July, and requires to be gathered as it is changing to yellow
Amire Roux. See Summer Archduke.
Amoselle. See Bergamotte d' Hollande.
Amour (Abondance; Ah! Mon Dieu; Belle Fertile). —Fruit small and obovate. Skin pale yellow or citron in the shade, and fine red covered with darker red dots on the side next the sun. Eye small, scarcely at all de-pressed, surrounded with a few plaits. Stalk an inch long, curved, and inserted in a swollen cavity. Flesh white, tender, and very juicy, with a rich sugary flavour. Ripens in succession from September onwards, but will not keep longer than a fortnight after being ripe.
Ananas (Ananas d'Ete).—Fruit large, obtuse pyri-form. Skin yellowish-green, almost entirely covered with rough brown russety dots, and with a brownish tinge next the sun. Eye open, with short stiff segments, and set in a shallow basin. Stalk about an inch and a half long, scarcely at all depressed, but generally with a swelling on one side of it. Flesh delicate, melting, buttery, with a pleasantly-perfumed flavour. Ripe in September.
The tree succeeds well as a standard, and is a good bearer.
Angelique de Bordeaux (Franc-real Gros; St. Martial).—Fruit medium sized, obtuse pyriform. Skin smooth, yellowish-green in the shade and pale brownish-red next the sun; strewed with brown dots. Eye small, set in a narrow and rather shallow basin. Stalk thick, an inch and a half long, fleshy at its insertion. Flesh tender, buttery, juicy, and sugary.
An excellent dessert pear from January to April; but to have it in perfection late in the season it requires to be grown against a wall in a deep, rich soil.
Angleterre d' Hiver. See Bellissime d' Hiver.
Angoise. See Winter Bon Chretien.
Angora. See Uvedale's St. Germain.
Arbre Courbe (Amiral; Colmar Charnay).—Emit above medium size, oval pyriform. Skin pale green, mottled and dotted with pale brown-russet. Eye open, •set in a broad, shallow basin. Stalk three quarters to an inch in length, and stout. Flesh greenish-white, half buttery, juicy, and somewhat astringent. October and November. The tree has crooked branches.
Arbre Superbe. See Fondante d'Automne. Archduke d'Ete. See Summer Archduke. Arteloire. See St. Germain.
Aston Town.—Below medium size, roundish-turbinate. Skin greenish-white, thickly dotted with russet; rough, like a Crasanne. Stalk an inch and a half long, straight and slender, inserted without any cavity. Eye small, nearly closed, and in a very shallow basin. Flesh yel-lowish-white, buttery, perfumed, and high flavoured.
A dessert pear of first-rate quality. Ripe in the end of October and beginning of November. The tree is a vigorous grower, attains a very large size, and bears abundantly.
D'Auch. See Colmar.
Auguste Benoit. See Beurre Benoit.
Austrasie. See Jaminette.
Autumn Bergamot (Bergamot; English Bergamot; York Bergamot). — Below medium size, roundish, and flattened. Skin yellowish-green, brownish-red next the sun, dotted with grey-russet. Stalk short and thick, set in a wide, round, hollow. Eye small, placed in a shallow basin. Flesh greenish-white, juicy, melting, exceedingly sugary, and richly flavoured.
A fine old dessert pear, ripe in October. The tree is a vigorous grower, hardy, forms a handsome standard, and is a most abundant bearer.
Autumn Colmar (De Bavay).—Medium sized, oblong pyriform, irregular, and uneven. Skin pale yellow, spotted with russet. Stalk an inch long, straight, and placed in a small, uneven cavity. Eye small, set in a very shallow basin. Flesh buttery, gritty at the core, rich, sugary, and perfumed. October to November.
The tree is a good bearer, and succeeds well as a standard.
D'AVRIL.—Fruit large, pyramidal, uneven in its outline, and considerably bossed round the eye. Skin smooth and shining, of a lively dark-green colour, with a dark brown tinge next the sun, and patches of ashy-grey russet on the shaded side; the whole surface covered with very large pale-coloured specks. Flesh crisp, juicy, and sweet. March and April.