Striped Cucumber-beetle (Diabrotica vittata). — Beetle, one-fourth inch long, yellow with black stripes, feeding on leaves. Larva one-eighth inch long and size of a pin, feeding on roots; two broods. Preventive. —Cheap boxes covered with thin muslin or screens of mosquito-netting, placed over young plants.

Remedies. — Arsenicals in flour. Arsenate of lead. Ashes, lime, plaster, or fine road dust sprinkled on the plants every two or three days when they are wet. Air-slaked lime. Plaster and kerosene. Tobacco powder, applied liberally. Apply remedies when dew is on, and see that it strikes the under side of the leaves. Currant. Borer (Sesia tipuliformis). — A whitish larva, boring in the canes of currants, and sometimes of gooseberries. The larva remains in the cane over winter.

Treatment. — In fall and early spring cut and burn all affected canes. These canes are distinguished before cutting by lack of vigor and by limberness.

Currant-worm, or Currant and Gooseberry Sawfly (Nematus ventricosus). — Larva, about three-fourths inch long, yellow-green, feeding on leaves of red and white varieties; two to four broods.

Treatment. — White hellebore, applied early. Arsenicals for the early brood. Treatment should begin while the larvae are on the lowermost leaves of the bushes. Before the leaves are fully grown, the holes made by the worms may be seen. The second brood is best destroyed by killing the first brood. Currant Measuring or Span-worm (Cymatophora ribearia).— Larva somewhat over an inch long, with stripes and dotted with yellow or black, feeding upon the leaves.

Treatment. — Hellebore, applied stronger than for currant-worm. Arsenicals. Hand-picking. Four-striped Plant-bug. — See p. 303.

Green Leaf-hopper (Empoa albopicta).— Small insect working upon the under surface of currant and gooseberry leaves. Also upon the apple.

Remedies. — Pyrethrum. Kerosene emulsion. Tobacco-dust. Tobacco extracts. Dahlia. Four-striped Plant-bug. — See p. 303.

Cabbage Looper. — See under Cabbage, p. 311. Egg-plant. Potato-beetle. — See under Potato, p. 329. Elm. Canker-worm. — See under Apple, p. 306. Elm Leaf-beetle (Galerucella luteola). — A small beetle, imported from Europe, which causes great devastation in some of the eastern states by eating the green matter from elm leaves, causing the tree to appear as if scorched.

Remedy. — Arsenate of lead (l1/2 pounds to 25 gallons). Elm Sawfly Leaf-miner (Kaliosysphinga ulmi). — A greenish white larva feeding between the two layers of the leaf, causing large blotches; when abundant, the leaf dies and falls. They sometimes kill the trees in two or three years.

Treatment.—When the blotches are about one-third to one-half inch in diameter, spray with "Black-leaf 40," tobacco extract, 1 gallon in 800 gallons of water, adding 4 pounds of whale-oil soap to each 100 gallons. Willow-worm. — See under Willow.

Endive. Cabbage-looper. See under Cabbage, p. 311. Gooseberry. Currant-borer. — See under Currant, p. 318.

Currant Measuring or Span-worm. — See under Currant.

Four Striped Plant-bug. — See p. 303.

Gooseberry or Currant-worm.— See under Currant.

Gooseberry Fruit-worm (Dakruma convolutella). — Larva, about three-fourths inch long, greenish or yellowish, feeding in the berry, causing it to ripen prematurely.

Treatment. — Destroy affected berries. Clean cultivation. Poultry.

Green Leaf-hopper. — See under Currant. Grape. Grape berry-worm (Polychrosis viteana). — Larva, about one-fourth inch long, feeding in the berry, often securing three or four together by a web ; two broods.

Remedy. — Spray with arsenate of lead before blossoms open. Repeat after blooming and again in early July. Destroy wormy berries in August.

Grape-curculio (Craponius inaequalis). — Larva, small, white, with a brownish head. Infests the grape in June and July, causing a little black hole in the skin and a discoloration of the berry immediately around it. The adult is a grayish brown snout-beetle, about one-tenth inch long.

Treatment. — Spray with arsenate of lead while the beetles are feeding on the leaves. The beetle may be jarred down on sheets, as with the plum-curculio. Bagging the clusters.