This section is from the "Farm And Garden Rule-Book" book, by L. H. Bailey. Amazon: Farm and garden rule-book

Weights of various varieties of apples per bushel

The following varieties, just from the trees in October, gave the following weights for a heaped bushel (Michigan): —

Baldwin........... 50

Belmont...........50

Ben Davis.......... 47

Bunker Hill.......... 49

Cabashae .......... 57

Esopus Spitzenburgh ...... 44

Rambo........... 50

Rhode Island Greening...... 52

Roxbury Russet........ 50

Rubicon........... 46

Stark............ 56

Fallawater.......... 48

Golden Russet......... 53

Lawyer........... 47

Nickajack.......... 51

Northern Spy......... 46

Pennock........... 47

Swaar............ 51

Sweet Bough......... 39

Talman Sweet......... 48

Tompkins King........ 44

Yellow Bellefleur........ 46

Dried fruit and cider

A bushel of average apples gives from 6 to 71/2 pounds of evaporated product. Seven pounds to the bushel is a good average.

product op dried raspberries (W. J. Green)

Ohio.......9 lb. to the bu.

Gregg......81/2 lb. to the bu.

Hillborn......81/2 lb. to the bu.

Ada.......81/2 lb. to the bu.

Tyler.......81/2 lb. to the bu.

Shaffer......8 lb. to the bu.

In general, three and one-fourth quarts (about four pounds) of fresh black-cap raspberries are required for a pound of marketable dried berries.

A pound of dried peaches may be made from four or five pounds of fresh fruit, if the variety has a dry flesh ; but six or seven pounds is often required.

In California, twenty pounds of grapes produce six or seven pounds of raisins.

From seven to twelve bushels of apples are required for a barrel of cider.

Various estimates.

Raspberries contain from one and one-half to three pounds of seeds to the bushel.

A pint of garden blackberries weighs about one pound.

Good clusters of American grapes weigh on an average from one-half to three-fourths pound, while extra-good clusters will reach a pound and a half. Clusters have been reported which weighed two pounds.

A bushel of sweet corn ears, " in the milk," with the husks which come from it, weighs from fifty to seventy pounds. 2m

There are about 5000 honey-bees in a pound.

Watermelons are usually sorted into three grades. Of the largest size, about six melons are placed in a barrel. Of medium size, about eight (four melons in each of two layers), and of the smallest size, ten to twelve. A truck-load of melons comprises about 200 fair-sized fruits. A car-load numbers 1000 to 1500.

Coconuts are packed for shipment in bags which hold 100.

" Ekimis " branded upon boxes of Smyrna figs means A. No. 1, or Superior Selected. " Eleme " means Selected, the second grade.

A box 1215/16 in. long, wide, and deep holds 1 bu. A box 19f in. long, wide, and deep holds 1 bbl. A box 81/8 in. long, wide, and deep holds 1 pk. A box 67/16 in. long, wide, and deep holds 1/2 pk. A box 41/16 in. long, wide, and deep holds 1 qt.

To find the bushels of apples, potatoes, shelled corn, etc., in bins, divide the cubic contents in inches by 2747.7 (the cubic inches in a heaped bushel). If the corn is in the ear, deduct one-third from the result.

The cubic contents is found by multiplying together length, breadth, and height in feet, and reducing the product to inches by dividing by 1728 (the number of cubic inches in a cubic foot); or make the original multiplication in inches rather than in feet.

A struck bushel (not heaped) contains 2150.4 cubic inches. See p. 528.

If the sides of a corn-crib are flaring, it is customary to reckon the width as half the sum of the top and bottom widths. Of course, much will depend on how much it flares. A similar method may be applied to apples, potatoes, and roots in heaps.

To find the tons of hay in a mow or stack, divide the cubic contents by about 500, if the hay is not well settled ; or by about 450 to 460, if the hay is well packed.

To figure the cost of hay by the ton, multiply the number of pounds by the price (in dollars) per ton, point off three figures at the right, and divide by 2 (point off more figures if there are fractions of a dollar in the price): —

96 lb. X $ 11 ton = 1.056 / 2 = .528 (52 8/10 cents).

96" X$ 11.30 " - 1.0848 / 2 = .54.

2100"X$18 " =37.800 / 2 = $ 18.90.

3350 "X $10.80 " =36.180 / 2 = $ 18.09.

At $ 5 per ton, divide the number of pounds by 4: —

At $ 10 per ton, divide the number of pounds by 2.

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