Metric weight

Names

Number of Grams

Equivalents in

Denominations of

Avoirdupois Weight

Millier or Tonneau.........

1,000,000

2204.6 lb.

Quintal..........

100,000

220.46 lb.

Myriagram..........

10,000

22.046 lb.

Kilogram or kilo.

1,000

2.2046 lb.

Hectagram....

100

3.5274 oz.

Dekagram......

10

0.3527 oz.

Gram.....

1

15.432 gr.

Decigram.....

1/10

1.5432 gr.

Centigram...........

1 / 100

0.1543 gr.

Milligram.......

1/1000

0.0154 gr.

One gram is the weight of one cubic centimeter of distilled water at its maximum density (39.1° F.) in a vacuum. As a matter of fact, however, the gram now in use is the one-thousandth part of the weight of a kilogram of platinum, which was deposited in the Palace of the Archives in Paris, in 1799, by the international commission which was appointed to fix the standards of what is now known as the metric system.

Metric capacity

Names

Number of Liters

Equivalents in Dry Measure

Equivalents in

Liquid or Wine Measure

Kiloliter or stere..

1000

28.372 bu.

264.17 gal.

Hectoliter

100

2 bu. and 3.35 pk.

26.417 gal.

Dekaliter

10

9.08 qt.

2.6417 gal.

Liter

1

0.908 qt.

1.0567 qt.

Deciliter......

1/10

6.1022 cu. in.

0.845 gill.

Centiliter.......

1/100

0.6102 cu. in.

0.338 fluid oz.

Milliliter........

1/1000

0.061 cu. in.

0.27 fluid dr.

1 liter is equivalent to 1 cubic decimeter. Metric length

   

Equivalents in Denominations in Use

Myriameter.....................

10,000 meters.

6.2137 miles.

Kilometer...........

1,000 meters.

0.62137 mile, or 3.280 ft. 10 in.

Hectometer..........

100 meters.

328 ft. 1 in.

Dekameter........

10 meters.

393.7 inches.

Meter.........

1 meter.

39.37 inches.

Decimeter........

1/10 of a meter.

3.937 inches.

Centimeter..........

1/100 of a meter.

0.3937 inch.

Millimeter.......

1/1000 of a meter.

0.0397 inch.

Metric surface

Metric Weights and Measures 209

Metric cubic measure

Myriaster.................    10,000 cu. meters.

Kiloster..................      1,000 cu. meters.

Hectoster.................         100 cu. meters.

Decaster .................           10 cu. meters.

Ster...................             1 cu. meter.

Decister..................            1/10 cu. meter.

Centister.................          1/100 cu. meter.

Millister..................        1/1000 cu. meter.

The word ster is seldom used. The names of solid measures are commonly made by adding cubic to the denominations of linear measure ; as cubic meter,

Equivalents of American measures in metric terms

Length

Approximately                                                                                      Exactly

1 inch is 21/2 centimeters..............             (2.54)

1 foot is 0.3 of meter..............                (.3048)

1 yard is 0.9 of meter...............           (.9144)

1 rod is 5 meters.................           (5.029)

1 chain is 20 meters................          (20.117)

1 furlong is 200 meters...............         (201.17)

1 mile is 1600 meters...............          (1609.3)

1 nautical mile is 1850 meters............         (1853.2)

Area

1 sq. inch is 61/4 sq. centimeters............           (6.451)

1 sq. foot is 0.09 of sq. meter.............           (.0929)

1 sq. yard is 0.83 of sq. meter............           (.8361)

1 sq. rod is 25 sq. meters..............           (25.29)

1 rood is 1000 sq. meters..............         (1011.7)

1 acre is 0.4 of hectare...............           (.4047)

1 sq. mile is 258 hectares..............         (258.99)

Bulk

1 cubic inch is 161/3 cubic centimeters..........          (16.387)

1 cubic foot is 0.028 of cubic meter...........        (.028316)

1 cubic yard is 0.76 of cubic meter...........           (.7645)

100 cubic feet is 2.8 cubic meters...........         (2.8316)

1 M board meas. is 21/4 cubic meters..........             (2.36)

1 cord is 3.6 cubic meters..............           (3.624)

1 U. S. liquid pint is 0.47 of liter...........             (.473)