This myrtaceous fruit is found both indigenous and cultivated in the vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. When well grown, the tree is handsome and of value as an ornamental plant. It reaches a height of 15 to 25 feet. The leaves are oblong-lanceolate, 2 to 4 inches long, bright green and tomentose above, dull green and tomentose below. The fruits, which ripen in October and November at Rio de Janeiro, resemble large gooseberries in appearance. They are yellow when fully ripe and nearly 1 inch in diameter. The skin is firm and tough, downy externally; the flesh is juicy and of pleasant subacid flavor. The one or two large seeds are surrounded by coarse short fibers. The cabelluda, sometimes listed as Phyllocalyx tomentosus, Berg, is scarcely known outside of Brazil. It has been introduced recently into the United States, where it should succeed in California and Florida. It is not a fruit of much merit.