The production of turpentine in southwestern France, from Pinus pinaster, Solander, must have been in progress at a very early period.1) At least this is the inference drawn from petrified trunks of trees, found along the coast, which reveal the wounds characteristic of the resin production. Later on, historic documents of 1382 and 1383 reveal that Richard II. of England gave permission to the Captal de Buch Archambault de Grailly to conduct resin markets within his territory. Probably the maritime pine was first planted as a protection to the dunes. After numerous failures, this plan proved a success only toward the end of the 18. century. The experiment to sow the seeds in the sand successfully tried by the engineer Bremontier is followed up to the present time by the government.

The method, still in use, to collect the resinous exudation in earthenware pots is attributed to Serres (1836) and Hugues (1840).

The distillation of turpentine oil is being conducted in France since 1783.2)

1) O. A. Oesterle, Die Harzindustrie im Sudwesten von Frankreich. Berichte d. deutsch. pharm. Ges. 11 (1901), 217. -) Corps gras industries 34 (1908), 179.