Fragrant woods from Mexico and French Guyana have been articles of commerce since the 18. century. They were named aloe wood because at first they were regarded as being identical with the older aloe wood.5) Mexican lignaloes was first

1) Schroder, Pharmacopoea medico-physica. Ulm 1649. p. 194.

2) Caspar Neumann, Chymia medica dogmatico-experimentalis. Editio Kessel. 1749. Vol. 2, p. 403-405.

3) Journ. de Pharm. 10 (1824), 199.

4) journ. de Pharm. 9 (1823), 45 - 49. Trommsdorff's Neues Journ. der Pharm. 7, I. (1823), 368.

5) During antiquity the name aloe wood or Adlerholz was used as a collective term for fragrant woods obtained from different sources (Comp. J. Moller, Lignum Aloes und Linaloeholz. II. Mitteil., Pharm. Post. 1898.) However, it appears to have been applied primarily to the resinous wood of Aquilaria Agallocha, Roxb. (N. 0. Thymeleaceae). Like sandalwood, it belongs to the spices used during antiquity. The East Indians called it Ahalia or Ahaloth, the GreeksOil Of Lignaloes 33 alsoThe Arabians designated it al-oed, meaning the wood, also agaluchin. The latter word gave rise to the Portuguese designation pao de aquila, this in turn to the Latin lignum aquilae. (Boorsma, Ueber Aloeholz und andere Riechholzer. Bull. du Depart, de IAgriculture aux Indes Neerlandaises. No. VII. [Pharmacologic III] Buiten-zorg 1907, p. 1, footnote 4.) - Proverbs, 7 :17. In Luther's translation (Psalms, 45:9. - Song of Solomon, 4:14. - St. John, 19:39, etc.). In the English version it is translated as aloe wood. During antiquity it was prized so very highly that it was regarded as a most precious gift. From Egyptian documents from the 17. century B. C. it becomes apparent that lignaloes, sandalwood and cassia were highly esteemed spices by the Egyptians and that these were imported via the Red Sea route. (Lieblein, Handel und Schiffahrt auf dem Roten Meere in alten Zeiten. Christiania 1886. p. 31). Not until the crusades did lignaloes enter the Mediterranean commerce. During the reign of the East Roman and later of the Greek emperors in Constantinople, and during the prime of the Levant commerce, lignaloes was one of the common spices of the Orient. (W. Heyd, Geschichte des Levantehandels im Mittelalter. 1879. Vol. 1, pp. 181, 191, 256, 418, 423; vol.2, pp.9, 153, 559.) About 1290 introduced into France in 1866. Guyana lignaloes was first brought to Marseille in the seventies and was there used for the distillation of the oil. In Cayenne the oil was first distilled in 1893.