Cryptocaria moschata, Nees et Mart, is a Brazilian tree, 10 to 15 m. high. It is known popularly as Nos moscato do Bras/I or Brazilian nutmeg. The ripe fruits are somewhat smaller than nutmegs and have a strongly aromatic odor resembling that of a mixture of laurel, sassafras, cajuput and nutmeg.

Ten kilos of fruits deprived of their fleshy pericarp and comminuted, yielded upon distillation with water 37 g. of volatile oil6). This was limpid, yellowish-brown in color, of penetrating aromatic odor and burning, spicy taste. d15o0,917. In 90 p.c. alcohol it is soluble in all proportions.