Toddalia aculeata, Pers. (T. asiatica, L. [Kurz], family Rutaceae) is a shrub that grows wild in the Nilgiri country (India), where it is known as "wild orange tree". All parts of the plant have a pungent, aromatic taste. The root, which was known as early as the 17th century as Radix Indica Lopeziania2), is known as Malakarunnay by the natives and is used by them as a remedy in stomach troubles. The root bark contains a volatile oil the odor of which is described by Schnitzer3) as cinnamon- and balm-like.

The ripe berries are used as spice in India, in place of black pepper. Bark and leaves are also reported to possess medicinal value.

The oil from the leaves has been distilled by D. Hooper4). It is limpid and has a pleasant odor reminding of both verbena and basil. It contains considerable amounts of citronellal and an alcoholic constituent which boils above 200°.

1) Journ. chem. Soc. 99 (1911), 1996.

2) Fluckiger and Hanbury, Pharmacographia, p. 111.

3) Wittstein's Vierteljahrsschrift f. prakt. Pharmacie 11 (1862), 1.

4) .Report of Schimmel & Co. April 1893, 73.

Upon the distillation of the leaves, Brooks1) obtained an oil with the following constants: d30/30o059; nD30o 1,4620. When cooled, 18 p. c. of a substance separated which had an odor reminding of camphor, was very decomposable and when re-crystallized from petroleum ether melted at 96,5 to 97°. Fractions 195 to 200° contained linalool which was characterized by its oxidation to citral.