DRESS: The summer, night dress should be a short, thin cotton or linen gown, or nothing but a diaper. Comfort at night means sound restful sleep. An overdressed and, therefore, overheated child is restless and does not sleep well.

In winter the gown may be of heavier material and long enough to cover the feet. Over clothing and too much covering at night cause much suffering in infants and children. Dr. Page aptly remarked, overcareful parents often force their children to undergo such an amount of clothing and "tucking up" in bed, as literally to constitute the "dry pack," "a sweating process which is tolerable only for short intervals, being very depleting when long continued."

In homes heated by hot air, hot water or steam, where a summer temperature is maintained at all times, children should be dressed in winter as in summer. They will require more clothing in homes heated by stove or fireplace.

Dr. Page says: "Babies are often tortured by too many and too tight-fitting garments, through the ignorance or carelessness of their attendants, or simply to gratify a mother's silly pride, and are treated in all respects, in many cases, more like a doll in the hands of a make-believe mother, than like a sensitive little human being entitled to every possible comfort, in the free use of the developing body, limbs, muscles, and organs."

BOWELS: The stools of a newborn are dark-green for two or three days after which they become brown. The stools resemble melted tar. There is, then, a gradual change from brown to yellow; by the end of the first week the stools should be a golden yellow. The foolish practice of some, of giving laxatives to babies to rid their bowels of this dark feces is pernicious in the extreme. For your child's sake break yourself of this doctoring habit. Let the baby's bowels alone and let them take care of their own function. Don't begin to build chronic constipation in the child from the day of birth.

WATER: Most authors urge frequent water drinking upon infants. Just now excessive water drinking is a fad and is heralded as almost a panacea. It is quite natural that baby must also become a victim of this senseless fad.

My two boys did not get water to drink until they were each a year old and at this writing the little girl (age 6 months) has not had water. Children on milk and fruit juices are on a diet that is almost all water and have no real need for a lot of chlorinated, iodized and mineralized water.

SLEEP: At birth the normal infant sleeps approximately 20 hours out of each twenty-four, during the first month. As it grows older the amount of sleeping it does grows somewhat less. From one month to six months the normal infant averages about sixteen hours sleep a day; from six months to a year, about 15 hours; from a year to two years, about 14 hours; from two years to five years, eleven to fourteen hours.

The healthy infant sleeps more and sounder than the sick one. The more a baby sleeps the more it grows. Overfed infants do not sleep as well as properly fed ones. The acutely ill child that is fed hardly sleeps at all. It is fitful restless and irritable and cries most of the time. The acutely ill child that is not fed, or that is given fruit juices only, sleeps most of the time. It is less irritable and not so restless.

Sleep in infants and children should be encouraged. The sleeping infant should not be waked at meal time to feed it. Doctors and nurses make an awful lot of unnecessary fuss about regularity in feeding. This regularity is unnatural and unnecessary. Nature knows nothing of regularly in eating. Irregularity might almost be said to be the rule. If then, baby sleeps for an hour or more past feeding time it is well and good. If the child sleeps so long that a meal is missed entirely it is well. Never wake a child to feed it.

As children grow older they should be allowed to sleep for as long as nature demands immediately after their noon meal each day. There is benefit and not injury in going to bed and to sleep immediately after eating. Children who do not secure this afternoon "nap" grow tired and cross and are prone to cry and fuss a great deal. Their health and growth suffer from this lack of sleep. The more they sleep, the better for them, and this afternoon nap will be good if they keep it up until they are a hundred or more years old.

A healthy child will sleep through the night if not disturbed. A child that is not over fed will not pass urine and feces, at frequent intervals during the night. Overfeeding, overclothing, overheating, chilliness' soiled diapers, pain, discomfort from any cause --a loose safety pin, wrinkles in its clothes, etc.--will cause a child to wake. Physical comfort is the greatest hypnotic (sleep producer) a child can have.

Keep the child always in a well ventilated room. Last winter I went into a home where a young infant was kept in a gas-heated room with the windows always down. The infant was never well and did not sleep well. I advised that the child be kept in an unheated, but well ventilated room. This advice was followed with happy results. Better sleep and improved health followed immediately. Infants cannot breathe without air. Give them plenty of it. Keep them out doors winter and summer. It is good for them. The baby's face should never be covered or "tucked in," but should remain fully exposed while in its crib or carriage.