The Tauist work Tsun-sheng-pa-chienBooks on Kung fu 506 in 20 books was written by Kau-lien-shen-fu in 1591. The first and third prefaces are by the author the second by Ch'ai-ying-nan The work is divided into eight parts; two books are occupied with the subject of Undivided Application, four with Seasonable Regimen,from which we have taken the Kung-fu for the year; two with Rest and Pleasure; two with Prevention of Disease, from which we have taken the Eight Ornamental sections; three with Eating, Drinking and Clothing; three with Amusements in retirement; two with Efficacious Medicines and one with Examples of the Virtuous, and the Contents form the twentieth volume. In the large list of drugs the poppy is mentioned only once and among a list of prescriptions opium occurs only once as an ingredient in a pill entitled The Great Golden Elixir.

This work is well got up: There is a sameness of language and illustration running through the works of this class. The more recent and cheaper books have been reproduced from the older works with minor changes and additions.

Another work called Hsing-ming-kwei-chihBooks on Kung fu 509

Books on Kung fu 510 is by an accomplished Tauist of the Sung dynasty called Yin-chen-jenon the Government of the inner man. This is one of the most celebrated treatises on this art. It is in 4 volumes and treats at large of the principles and method of practice and is amply illustrated by plates. It was first printed in 1615 and another edition in a large and handsome style was issued about 1670. The 1st preface is by Li-p'o, , the 2nd by Ch'ang-chi, the 3rd by Tsou-yuen-piao , and the 4th by Yu-t'ung all in the time of Kanghi.

The contents of this work are of the usual Tauist character, discourses on the Great Reason, Birth, Life, Death, the Elixir, the Absolute, the Yin and Yang, Refining the Heart etc. One chapter, entitled the Three Passes, Agreeing and Opposing, begins thus:-Reason (tau) produced one; one produced two; two produced three and three produced the myriad things. Another chapter on the True and False or the deflected and the perfect beginning with the great Tau producing heaven and earth; and these, man and things, states that there are 3,600 Tauist methods; 24 sorts of the Great Elixir and 96 sorts of outside doctrines. There are numerous side sects but only one Golden Elixir Doctrine which is the one and only perfect way. Outside this there is no other way of becoming immortals and Buddhas. This is real, all else is empty and false. About sixty different sects are mentioned who prosecute their doctrines, hoping by means of which to gain immortality, The list is said to be inexhaustible. They are compared to looking through a tube at the panther [and seeing one spot only] or like looking at heaven from the bottom of a well the horizon in both cases being contracted and limited. There is no panacea but the Golden Elixir - the Great Reason. This is the end and there is nothing better. Many of the sects are incidentally referrd to in the preceding kung-fu. The list though intensely interesting and instructive is too long to reproduce here. Another work is called Fuh-show-tan-shu. Books on Kung fu 516 , or The Elixir of Happiness and Longevity, in 6 vols., published in 1621. Hwato's Five Animals are drawn from the first volume of this work entitled An-yang-p'ien. , a discourse of Peace and Nourishment; the 2nd vol., is termed Yen-ling-p'ien. a treatise on Longevity, The Medicinal kung are extracted from this volume. The remaining four vols., are entitled respectively Fuh-shih-p'ien , a collection on dress and food of prescriptions by Ying-yuen; the Tsai-pu-p'ien. by the same; the Hsuen-sien-p'ien. ditto, and on Drugs or the Ching-yao-p'ien. by Cheng-chi-chiao..

Another work is termed Tan-ching-san-chuen. Books on Kung fu 524 , in 6 vols., coonsisting of the T'ien-hsien-cheng-li. in two books by Pa-tse-yuen. reprinted in the year 1801. One vol. is entitled Foh-hsien-ho-tsung., a Harmony of Buddhism and Tauism, by Wu-shen-yang in the reign of Wan li; three vols, entitled Wan-shou-hsien-shu. the same in import as the yen ling p'icn or Treatise on Longevity The first vol., contains the Eight Ornamental Sections and the year's illustrations, in every respect identical with those of the Tsun sheng pa chien, except that the list of diseases which the exercise is designed to cure is very much briefer and more reasonable. We have followed the earlier work from which this seems to have been copied. The miscellaneous illustrations in the second vol., are identical with those in the Yen ling p'ien noticed above. The illustrations are inferior as works of art to the Yen ling p'ien from which apparently they have been copied. My copy is, however, a cheap edition. The same vol. also contains Hwato's Five animals and also Ch'en Hsi-i's right and left sleeping exercise which occurs also in the vol., on Prevention of Disease in the future, in the Tsun sheng pa chien. The prefaces to most of these works are purely ornamental, conveying no exact truth or of historical interest.