In the year's exercises, we must omit all references to the time each day, which ranges from mid-night to 7 a.m., when they are enjoined; also the numerous correlations with pulses, blood-vessels, viscera, the five elements and their natures, the atmospheric influences, - whether heavenly, earthly, or respiratory, - the eight diagrams, the cyclical signs, points of the compass, etc. There are two exercises for each month, making 24 in all, arranged according to the 24 solar terms or periods (breaths) of the year, corresponding to the day on which the sun enters the first and fifteenth degree of one of the zodiacal signs. To each of these an appropriate name is given, which we have retained, as they are in popular use. The exercises are arranged according to the four seasons, and each season is prefixed and suffixed with some animal representing the correlated viscera. These we have also retained from their quaintness, excellency of design, and with the view of conveying an idea of the Chinese correspondencies. It will be observed that the Black Tiger and the Dragon occur very frequently in the Tauist works. Charms also frequently accompany them; but, as this is a wide subject and has a special form of treatment, it is omitted here. It has been discussed elsewhere. The various correlations of the human body will be found treated in the Philosophy of Chinese Medicine, a work contemplated by the writer. In the medicinal exercises which follow, I have given the prescriptions attached to them, as they throw some light upon their materia medica and mode of preparing drugs, the nature of their recipes, etc. Included in the chapters on Seasonable Regimen, referred to further on, are found prescriptions ascribed to the Yellow Emperor (2697 B.C.), to cure or prevent diseases of the viscera which are omitted. The spring governs birth; summer, growth; autumn, harvesting; and winter, storage. For each period and for each viscus, the various things that regulate and assist are given; what is indicated and what contra-indicated, with all matters that ought to be attended to.

The liver is the viscus which stands at the head of the three months of spring. It is represented as a dragon (see illustration, below). The name of its spirit is "Dragon Smoke;" its appellation is "Containing Brightness."

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The form of the liver is that of a dragon; it stores up the soul; it resembles a hanging bottle-gourd of a whitish brown colour; it is placed below the heart, a little nearer the back; the right has four lobes, the left three lobes; its pulse emerges from the end of the thumb. The liver is the mother of the heart and the son of the kidneys. To repair and nourish it, during the first half of the three months, one must sit facing the east, knock the teeth 3 times,shut the breath and inspire 9 times; breathe the south air, - take in 9 mouthfuls and swallow 9 times. Certain medicines are also ordered. The kung to direct the liver for the spring three months is to press equally the two hands on the shoulders, slowly press the body right and left each three times. It can also be done by clasping or interlocking the two hands, turning the palms and dorsa alternately to the chest 3x5 times. This will cure obstruction of the liver from vicious wind and poisonous air, and prevent disease from developing. These exercises must be incessantly attended to morning and evening in the spring, without intermitting even one day; and, with the heart set upon it, the cure is complete. If, after driving out the corrupt air, the eyes be fixed and closed, opening them only a little, and then puff out the air slowly and by little, the cure of a flushed face and How of tears will be effected.

1. - For the Solar Term of the First Month, or "Beginning of Spring." - Hands folded, press the thigh, turn the body, twist the neck towards the right and left alternately 3x5 times; knock the teeth, respire, gargle (as it were the air in the mouth), and swallow 3 times. For the cure of rheumatism and obstructions, pain in the neck, shoulders, ear, back, elbow, and arm. - See Figure, next page.

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2. - For the Middle of the First Month, or "Rain Water." - Hands folded, press the thigh, turn the neck and body as before, alternately to the right and left 3x5 times, etc., as above. For the cure of obstruction and the storing up of vicious poison in the Three Divisions (imaginary viscera) and net-work of vessels, difficult deglutition, deafness, and pain of the eyes. *

* The illustration, being identical with the above Figure, is omitted; the pressure of the hand is applied to the right instead of the left thigh, and the head is turned to the left. The character used in the second is pi Kung fu for the Four Seasons 239 which is not found in any of our Chinese-English Dictionaries.

In the writer's Vocabulary of Anatomical Terms, to be published shortly, it refers to the region of the stomach. The part to be pressed upon in the above Figure is pi Kung fu for the Four Seasons 240 the thigh, which agrees with the illustrations

3. - Second Month, name of Solar Term, - the " Waking of Insects" (animals that have secreted themselves all winter are supposed to come out on this day). - Close the fists tightly, turn the neck, move the elbows like the wings [of a bird] 5x6 times, draw them backwards and forwards, tap the teeth 6x6 times, inspire and swallow 3x3 times. To cure the corrupt poison and obstructions of the loins (lumbago), back, lungs, and stomach, dryness of the mouth, yellowness of the eyes, epistaxis, difficult deglutition, face swollen, aphasia, rheumatism of the head, tooth-ache, darkness of vision, intolerance of light, loss of smell, polypus, and boils all over the body. - See Figure, below.

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