* NOTE. - The 7 Ching are the following, - joy injures the heart; anger the liver; grief the lungs; doubt, the spleen; fear, kidneys; anxiety, the gall bladder; and sadness and crying, the spirit of the liver and the air of the lungs. Mayers gives the seven conditions as: - 1 - Joy, 2 - Anger, 3 - Grief, 4 - Fear, 5 - Love, 6, Hatred, 7, Desire.

In a small work by a native of Soochow named P'an-u-wei Physiology of Kung fu 597 wei-sheng-i-chiu-cheng, in the year 1858, the following prefatory remarks on kung-fu occur: -

Why do some men live, others die? Why are some diseases light, others severe? To answer these questions we must refer to the existence in sufficient or insufficient quantity of the original vital principle. The origin and foundation of the five viscera1 depend upon and spring from the vital principle.2 It is here where the yin and yang reside, and from which these male and female principles emanate, and whence proceeds the breath in expiration and to which it goes in inspiration. There is no fire nor oven, and yet the body in its furthest parts is kept quite warm; there is no water or reservoir, and yet the five viscera are kept moist.

All men must beware of admitting depraved air, as for example, heat, cold and such like into the five viscera and six fu3; the twelve arteries and veins, tendons, blood and flesh, otherwise if such poisonous air should get admittance, disease will be contracted.

The ancients used acupuncture and the moxa as remedies, afterwards they took stones and rubbed themselves in order to cause the blood to flow; and they also used friction to the skin and muscles with the hand to cure disease and cause the blood and air to move. They also used a more violent pressing and rubbing method over the affected part. They had also a spirit-drink mode. All these methods were designed to cause motion in the joints - to harmonize the blood and air so as to leave no vacuum and to cause the

1. - Heart, lungs, spleen, liver and kidneys, related to the Female Principle.

2. - The Tauists believe that the original source of Being and Life is situated in and comes from a point in the abdomen, called tan-t'ien, one inch below the navel. The Medical Faculty believe it is to be found in the lumbar vertebrae, at a point opposite the kidneys, immediately adjoining the side of the spinal column, opposite the " small heart" or supra-venal capsule - called also and on this account the ming men or " gate of life."

3. - Gall-bladder, stomach, large and small intestines, bladder and the three divisions, related to the Male Principle.

depraved air to escape and be quickly expelled, because only on its exit will the perfect and wholesome air be revived as before, circulate and so secure freedom from disease.

When disease is expelled great care must he taken with the tan t'ien, so that the original fire and water may coalesce and assist each other; the spirit of man will then wax greater and stronger and the bad air cannot enter. But one must not upon any account wait till disease has attacked the system and is unbearable. It will then be too late. True wisdom is to begin Kung-fu before the approach of the disease, and so prevent it. It is true the limit of our lives is fixed, but at the same time it is also true that by Kung-fu the body can be strengthened. This is therefore the object of this publication. The author has consulted the work of Hsii-ming-feng Physiology of Kung fu 598 of Fheng-ch'eng and the various medical works. As all men have five senses1 and four bodies,2 so all require gymnastics, pressure and friction. Kung-fu divides itself into external actions and internal merit, each one chooses his own kind. The ancients divided actions into twelve kinds and wrote in poetry the method to be followed, in order that all might remember the rules laid down. All can do them, at all times, and every one can understand them quickly and efficaciously.

There is no necessity here for claptrap and useless nonsense, the true and important object is to drive away or ward off disease, and procure long life. Belief in this plan will bring merit out of it. The doctrines of Lau-tsePhysiology of Kung fu 600 C'hih-sung-tse,1 and Chung-li-tse2 are not superior to the precepts of this book. If a person can perform daily once or twice the exercises herein prescribed, his body will become strong and elastic, and no matter how many kinds of diseases he may have, all will vanish and thus will the vital principle exist in adequate quantity and life consequently will be prolonged. This is surely good and on this account I have taken up my pen to write this preface.

1. - Eyes, ears, nose, mouth and eye-brows; all the 5 senses must be in the head, the heavenly part of man, and as high mandarins close to the Emperor. 2. - The two arms and two legs.

1. - The designation of a rain-priest in the time of Shen-nung, the divine husbandman (B.C., 2,737).

2. - The first and greatest of the Eight Immortals in the time of the Chow dynasty (B.C., 1122-255) when he attained to possession of the elixir of immortality.

Diagrams illustrating the Physiology of Kung-fu

1. - T'ien men (Heavenly door)=the brow.

2. - Ni wan kung, Ni wan palace.

3. - Sui hai kuh, the occiput, the marrow-sea, brain-sea.

4. - San chiao, the three divisions or functional passages.

5. - Fei, the lungs.

6. - Hsin, the heart.

7. - Hsin pau lo, the pericardium.

8. - Kan, the liver.

9. - Wei. the stomach. 10.-P'i, the spleen.

11. - Hwang t'ing tan t'ien - the inner tan of the yellow pavilion. 12. - Ta chang, the large intestines. 13. - Siao chang, the small intestines. 14. - Shen, the kidneys. 15. - T"ang kwang, the bladder.

16. - U ching shan (pearly-elevated hill)=7th cervical vertebra.

17. - Chia chi, the dorsal vertebra.

18. - Wei 10, the os sacrum.

19. - Shang shui hia hwo wei chi chi chien u lien low chi hia. Water above and fire below combine and are seen below the connecting "upper story" i.e., the tan t'ien below the breast and epigastriam = the low or upper story according to the Tauists.