Prescription. - Take of green alumThe Jujube Iron Pills 282 sulphate of iron? burnt, orange peel, ts'ang-shu, of each 2 ounces; sha-jen cardamoms, 3 mace; dried ginger, 2 mace; chih-ch'ioh, or chih-k'o Aegle sepiaria (large fruit); ping-lang

Areca catechu (betel-nut); jen-shen The Jujube Iron Pills 286 ginseng, root of Aralia quinquefolia (Pansax Ginseng), of each 3 mace; powder, boil the jujubes, beat them into a pulp, mix the powder and make into pills of which 49 form a dose morning and evening, to be taken with rice gruel. Fish, fowl, cold and raw articles, and fatty substances are contra-indicated.

After each Prescription, there is a stanza of poetry.

The older work consulted omits the poetry.

The stanza accompanying this recipe reads: -

At first when there was chaos, there was the female principle, then there ascended the male principle, and heaven was divided; the former principle increased, the latter diminished, and then both harmonized; heaven and earth then appeared, and the Great Reason, and this was the Creation. *

The Figure given in the books is that of the Founder of Tauism. He is popularly termed Lao-tse, the Old Child, from the white appearance of his head and the aged appearance of his face at birth. The epithet really means the Old Master. His surname Li was derived from the name for a plum tree, under which he was said to have been born. He was a contemporary of Confucius. The illustration is, as described, an attitude of meditation assumed by the Tauist and Buddhist priests.

* In the accompanying exercises with prescriptions, the Chinese characters with the botanical identification of the substances will be inserted only on their first occurrence. Where the substance is well known, ts common and popular name only will be used.

No. 3 - Hsu Shen-weng'sThe Jujube Iron Pills 287 Method of preserving the Air and opening the Passes. -

To cure false satiety (i.e., - being empty and yet having the feeling of fulness).

The closed places, or passes, are: -

1. - The mouth, the door of the lungs. 2. - The teeth, the leaves of the door. 3. - The larynx, the inspiratory door. (The sounds in Chinese for expiration and inspiration resemble the sounds produced by the acts, as for example hu hsi, to expire and inspire respectively). 4. - The gullet, the mouth of the stomach. 5. - The cardiac orifice. 6. - The pyloric orifice. 7. - The anus. The soul goes by the head in the good, and by the fundament in the bad, into the earth. The nine openings of the body do not here require to be specified.

The Jujube Iron Pills 288

Sit firmly, place the two hands cross-wise on the shoulders (the naked beggars in winter adopt this attitude to keep themselves warm), let the eyes look to the left side, move the air round in 12 mouthfuls; then turn the eyes to the right, and respire as before.

The attitude resembles Amiot's No. 6, which is said to be against fulness and embarrassment in the intestines, with weakness.