This section of the book is from "The Complete Herbalist" by Dr. O. Phelps Brown. Also available from Amazon: The Complete Herbalist: The People Their Own Physicians By The Use Of Nature's Remedies.
The principal kinds may be briefly stated as follows:
A follicle is the name given to such fruit as borne by the larkspur or milkweed.
A legume or pod is the name extended to such fruit as the pea or bean.
A drupe is a stone fruit, as the plum, apricot, etc.
An achenium is the name of the fruit as borne by the butter-cup, etc.
A cremocarp is the fruit of the Poison Hemlock and similar plants.
A caryopsis is such fruit as borne by the wheat tribe.
A nut is exemplified by the fruit of the oak, chestnut, etc.
A samara is the name applied to the fruit of the maple, birch, and elm.
A berry is a fruit fleshy and pulpy throughout, as the grape, gooseberry, etc.
A pome is such as the apple, pear, etc.
A pepo is the name applied to the fruit of the pumpkin, cucumber, etc.
A capsule is a general term for all dry fruits, such as lobelia, etc.
A silique is such fruit as exhibited in Shepherd's purse, etc.
A cone or strobile is a collective fruit of the fir tribe, magnolia, etc.