Euphor'bia hir'ta, Euphorbia, Euphorbia Pilulif'era, Pill Bearing Spurge, N.F. -- The dried herb with not more than 5 p.c. of foreign organic matter, nor yielding more than 3 p.c. of acid-insoluble ash; Australia, W. Indies -- Tropics, open rich grounds. Pubescent bristly-hairy, especially upper nodes (dist. from spurious variety), reddish-purple; roots usually present; stems slender, sparsely leafed at base, greenish-brown, rough or hairy; leaves opposite, oblong, serrated, rusty pale green, pubescent on lower surface veins, much broken; flowers numerous, small; fruit 3-celled capsule; seed triangular-ovoid, pale brown; odor aromatic, characteristic; taste faintly bitter, aromatic, acrid. Powder, light yellowish -- wood-fibers, wood parenchyma, medullary ray and pith parenchyma with tracheids and tracheae, pores, markings cork cells with amorphous content; starch grains, lignified fibers, leaf epidermis with non-glandular hairs; solvents: diluted alcohol, water; contains acrid resin, glucoside, ash 12 p.c. Cardiac and respiratory stimulant; asthma, asthmatic, chronic, subacute bronchitis; may occasion gastric pain, nausea, death. Dose, 3ss-1 (2-4 Gm.); 1. Fluidextractum Euphorbiae (diluted alcohol): Prep.: 1. Elixir Euphorbiae Compositum, Antiasthmatic Elixir, 5.25 p.c., + fldext. Lobelia .7, sodium bromide 3.5, sodium iodide 3.5, spirit of glyceryl trinitrate .875, comp. tinct. of cardamom 5, oil of peppermint .1, glycerin 12.5, alcohol 20, dist. water q.s. 100, dose, 3j-2 (4-8 cc.).