Piper officina'rum (lon'gum), Long Pepper. -- The immature fruit dried in the sun, U.S.P. 1830; Java, India, Ceylon, Philippine Islands, Bengal. Shrub like P. nigrum; leaves cordate; flowers spikes; fruit spike-like cone 2.5-4 Cm. (1-1 2/4') long, 5 Mm. (1/5') thick, cylindrical, uneven, dusty, blackish-gray, the many coalesced fruits spirally arranged, each crowned with style remnant; odor, taste, properties, and composition like that of P. nigrum. The Bengal long pepper is darker and shsorter (2.5 Cm. (1') long than that from elsewhere.