Contractions. - Berb. Ber.

Berberis vulgaris. Nat. ord., Berberidaceae.

Synonyms. - Berberis dumetorum, Spina acida.

Fig. - Flora Horn., pl. 10.

Common Barberry, Pipperidge-bush. For. names: German, Berberitzen Saurdorn; French, L'Epine vinette; Italian, Crespino; Spanish, Berberis.

Habitat. - Hedges, thickets, and open woods, over the greater part of Europe, and temperate Asia to the Himalaya.

Flowering time. - Spring or early summer.

Parts employed. - Small branches of the root, or the bark of the larger roots.

Characters. - A glabrous, pale green shrub, 6 or 8 feet high. Branches arched and hanging at the ends, furnished with three-lobed thorns at the base of the tufts of leaves. Leaves alternate or clustered, ovate, sharply toothed. Flowers yellow, in elegant drooping racemes. Fruit small, oblong, red berries containing two or three seeds. Hoot bark, brown externally, saffron-coloured within.

Time for collecting. - Spring, before flowering; or autumn, when the leaves are falling.

Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.

Reference to Horn. Proving. - Journ. fur A. M. L., i.

Proper forms for dispensing. -φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.