Contractions. - Cicut. Cic.
Cicuta Virosa. Nat. ord., Umbelliferae.
Synonyms. - Cicuta aquatica, Sium majus angustifolium.
Fig. - Flora Horn., pl. 20.
Poisonous Cowbane. Long-leaved Water-hemlock. For. names: German, Wasserschierling; French, Cigue vireuse, Cicutaire veneneuse; Italian, Cicuta virosa.
Habitat. - In wet ditches in Northern and Central Europe, Russian Asia, and North America. Very local in Britain.
Flowering time. - Summer.
Part employed. - The fresh root.
Characters. - Thick, white, fleshy, elongated, full of hairs, and hollow, containing a yellow juice, with a strong disagreeable odour, and an acrid caustic taste. Stem hollow, somewhat branched, attaining 3 or 4 feet. Leaves twice or thrice pinnate or ternate, with narrow lanceolate acute segments, 1 to l 1/4 inch long, bordered with a few unequal acute teeth. General umbels of from 10 to 15 or even more rays. No general involucre, or only one or two small bracts. Partial involucres of many subulate bracts, not quite so long as the pedicels. Calyx teeth prominent above the ovary. Petals white, obcordate. Fruit short, laterally compressed, each carpel nearly globular, with 5 scarcely prominent broad flat ribs, and single vittas under the furrows.
Time for collecting. - At the beginning of flowering.
It should not be collected without the entire plant, since the leaves, stem, etc, are necessary for accurate identification.
Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.
Reference to Horn. Proving. - R. A. M. L., vi.
Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.
Cimicifuga. Vide Actaea.