Contractions. - Filix. Fil.

Aspidium Filix mas. Nat. ord., Filices.

Synonyms. - Lastrea F. M., Polypodium F. M.

Fig. - Engl. Bot., t. 1458.

Male Fern. For. names: German, Mannliches Farren-kraut; French, Fougere male.

Habitat. - In woods and shady situations, along moist banks, throughout Europe and Central and Russian Asia. Very common in Britain.

Part employed. - The fresh root-stock.

Characters. - Tufted, scaly, greenish-brown. A disagreeable odour and nauseous, bitter, somewhat astringent taste.

Time for collecting. - Autumn, when the fronds are dying.

Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with 40 O.P. spirit.

Reference to Horn. Proving. - Noack and Trinks.

Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.

Average loss of moisture, 71 per cent.