Contractions. - Filix. Fil.
Aspidium Filix mas. Nat. ord., Filices.
Synonyms. - Lastrea F. M., Polypodium F. M.
Fig. - Engl. Bot., t. 1458.
Male Fern. For. names: German, Mannliches Farren-kraut; French, Fougere male.
Habitat. - In woods and shady situations, along moist banks, throughout Europe and Central and Russian Asia. Very common in Britain.
Part employed. - The fresh root-stock.
Characters. - Tufted, scaly, greenish-brown. A disagreeable odour and nauseous, bitter, somewhat astringent taste.
Time for collecting. - Autumn, when the fronds are dying.
Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with 40 O.P. spirit.
Reference to Horn. Proving. - Noack and Trinks.
Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.
Average loss of moisture, 71 per cent.