Contractions. - Stram. Str.
Datura Stramonium. Nat ord., Solanaceae.
Synonyms. - D. lurida, Solanum maniacum.
Fig. - Flora Horn., pl. 61.
Thorn-apple, Devil's-apple, Jamestown Weed. For. names: German, Stechapfel; French, Pomme epineuse; Italian, Stramonio; Spanish, Estramonio.
Habitat. - Europe, Asia, and North America. Frequent among rubbish-heaps in the south of England; probably escaped from gardens.
Flowering time. - Summer and autumn.
Parts employed. - The entire herb.
Characters. - A coarse, glabrous, or slightly downy annual,
1 to 2 feet high, with spreading, forked branches. Leaves rather large, ovate, with irregular, angular, or pointed teeth or lobes. Flowers solitary, long, funnel-shaped, white, on short peduncles in the forks or at the ends of the branches. Capsule nearly globular, very prickly, with numerous wrinkled seeds.
Time for collecting. - When there are both flowers and fruit.
Preparation. - Tincture, corresponding in alcoholic strength with proof spirit.
Reference to Horn. Proving. - R. A. M. L., iii.
Proper forms for dispensing. - φ and lx, Tincture only. 1 and upwards, Tincture, Pilules, or Globules.
Average loss of moisture, 78 per cent.