Alchimilla vulgaris Linn. Pes leonis five alchimilla J. B. Ladies mantle: an herb, with undivided plaited multangular leaves, and imperfect flowers standing in form of umbels on the tops of the stalks: the cup consists of four larger and four smaller leaves placed alternately. It is perennial, grows wild in dry fields and meadows, and flowers from May to August.

The leaves of alchimilla are weakly astrin-gent, without any remarkable smell or flavour. They have been recommended, internally, against alvine and uterine fluxes, in which they may doubtless be of some service; and externally, against certain relaxations, which can yield but little to astringents of so mild a kind. Their styptic matter is extracted both by water and by spirit, and when separated from the fluids by infpiffation, is still found to be weak: the spirituous extract is the strongest, this men-struum dissolving less, than water does, of the insipid mucilaginous substance of the leaf. The roots of the plant are more astringent than the leaves, and the extracts made from them, are proportionably stronger. They both strike a black colour with solutions of chalybeate vitriol.