Sabina Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Sabina folio tamarisci dioscoridis C. B. Savina quibufdam. Juniperus Sabina Linn. Savin: an ever-green shrub or small tree, clothed with very short narrow leaves so stiff as to be prickly; producing small imperfect flowers, and sometimes, when grown old, bluish black berries like those of juniper, of which the modern botany reckons it a species. It is a native of some of the southern parts of Europe, and raised with us in gardens.

The leaves and tops of savin have a moderately strong smell, of the disagreeable kind; and a hot, bitterish, acrid taste. They give out great part of their active matter to watery liquors, and the whole to rectified spirit; tinging the former of a brownish, and the latter of a dull dark green colour. Distilled with water, they yield a large quantity of essential oil: Hoffman says, that from thirty-two ounces he obtained full five ounces of oil, and observes that there is no other known vegetable sub-stance, except some of the resinous juices, as turpentine, that affords so much. The oil smells strongly, and tastes moderately of the savin: decoctions of the leaves, freed from this volatile principle by infpiffation to the consistence of an extract, retain a considerable share of their pungency and warmth along with their bitterishness, and have likewise some degree of smell, but not resembling that of the plant itself. On infpiffating the spirituous tincture, there remains an extract consisting of two distinct sub-stances; one yellow, unctuous or oily, bitterish and very pungent; the other black, resinous, tenacious, less pungent, and subastringent.

OL effent. fabinae ph. Ed.

Extractum fabinae Ph.Lond.

Savin is a warm stimulant and aperient; supposed particularly serviceable in uterine ob-structions, proceeding from a laxity or weakness of the vessels, or a cold sluggish indisposition of the juices. The distilled oil is accounted one of the most potent emmenagogues: it is like-wife a strong diuretic, and, as Boerhaave ob-serves, impregnates the urine with its smell * The powdered leaves have been recommended as a very effectual efcharotic for consuming warty venereal excrescences (a).