Acidum Hydrochloricum. Hydrochloric Acid. Synonym. - Muriatic Acid. A liquid compound of 31.9 per cent., by weight, of Absolute Hydrochloric Acid (Hc1=36.37) and 68.1 per cent. of water.

Source

The fumes produced by the action of Sulphuric Acid on Sodium Chloride are dissolved in water. 2NaCl+H2So4=HCl+NaCl+ NaHso4 and NaCl+NaHso4=HCl+Na2So4

Characters

A colorless, fuming liquid, of a pungent odor, of an intensely acid taste. Sp. gr., about 1.163.

Incompatibles

Lead and silver salts, alkalies and their carbonates.

Hydrochloric Acid is contained in Liquor Ferri Chloridi and Liquor Zinci Chloridi.

Preparations