This section is from the book "Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics", by W. Hale White. Also available from Amazon: Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics..
A peculiar, concrete, fatty substance, obtained from the sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus Linne (class Mammalia; order Cetacea.
Pacific and Indian Oceans.
White, somewhat translucent, slightly unctuous masses of a scaly-crystalline fracture and a pearly lustre; odorless, and having a bland, mild taste. It becomes yellowish and rancid by exposure to air. Sp. gr., about 0.945.
It is mainly Celylic Alcohol, C16H33OH, which in combination with Palmitic Acid, Hc16h31o2, forms a fat, Cetin, C16H33C16H31O2.
1. Ceratum Cetacei. - Spermaceti Cerate. Spermaceti, 100 White Wax, 350; Olive Oil, 550.
2. Unguentum Aquae Rosae. - See Rose, p. 556.
Uses of Spermaceti.
Spermaceti is used as an emollient and as a basis for ointments