This section is from the book "Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics", by W. Hale White. Also available from Amazon: Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics..
Scutellaria. - Synonym. - Skullcap. The herb of Scutellaria lateriflora Linne (nat. ord. Labiatae).
North America; west to Alabama, New Mexico and Oregon, in damp thickets.
About 50 cm. long, smooth; stem quadrangular, branched; leaves opposite, petiolate, about 5 cm. long, ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong, serrate; flowers in axillary, one-sided racemes, with a pale blue corolla, and bilabiate calyx, closed in fruit, the upper lip helmet-shaped; odor slight; taste bitterish.
1) A bitterish principle. (2) Volatile oil, a trace.
Dose, 1 to 2 dr.; 4. to 8. gm.
Dose, 1 to 2 fl. dr.; 4. to 8. c.c.
Uses of Scutellaria.
Scutellaria has little medicinal effect. It is used as a nervous sedative; formerly it was given in decoction for epilepsy.