From Caryophillus Ruber 1750 a nut, and a leaf; so called because it smells like the leaves of the Indian nut or clove tree). Hence, it is a name applied to many plants of the pink and July flower kind. Gillyflower; also called tunica, vetonica, betonica coronaria, caryophillus hortensis, clove July flower; dianthus caryophyllus Lin. Sp. Pi. 587.

It is well known in our gardens, is perennial, and said to be a native of Italy. There are many varieties; but those employed for medicinal use are of a deep crimson colour, and an agreeable aromatic smell, somewhat resembling that of the spice; and this odour is not very soon dissipated.

These flowers are esteemed moderately cardiac, diuretic, and sudorific; but they are chiefly used in the form of a syrup, for the beauty of their colour.

The London college directs the following syrup from these flowers.

Take of fresh clove July flowers, with their heels cut off, two pounds; of boiling distilled water, six pints: macerate the flowers in the water for twelve hours in a glass vessel; and in the liquid, strained, dissolve as much double refined sugar as is required to make a syrup. It should be observed, that as the beauty of the colour is a principal quality of this syrup, no pressure of the flowers is to be admitted.

In St. Thomas's hospital a syrup is made from the aromatic clove, coloured with cochineal. See Lewis's Mat. Med.