See Ilium.


(From Chole 2103 bile). See Bilis.


(From Choledochus 2104 bile, and to receive). It is a common name for the gall bladder, the biliary ducts, and the common gall duct, which communicates with the duodenum, called

Choledochus ductus. It seems to be a continuation of the ductus cysticus; for it is often observed, that the ductus hepaticus runs, for some space, within the side of the ductus cysticus, before it opens into its cavity: at the opening of the hepatic duct into the cystic, there is a small loose membrane to hinder the bile from regurgitating.


See Cholagoga.


(From Cholerica 2108 cholera). Medicines which relieve the cholera. See also Diarrhcea hepatarrcea.


A swelling on the right side, or rather near the pit of the stomach, from an accumulation of bile in the gall bladder.


(From Cholobaphinon 2109 bile, and to immerge). A metal resembling gold, and which appears as if it had been dipt in gall. See AEs.


(From Choloma 2111 lame, maimed). Galen observes that in Hippocrates it signifies a distortion of a limb. In a particular sense, it is taken for a halting, or lameness in the leg.


(From Cholosis 2112 lame). In Vogel's Nosology, this is a genus of disease which he defines to be lameness, from one leg being shorter than the other. It is sometimes the case with children, that one leg seems longer than the other, and the motion of the longer leg is rotatory in consequence of it. Mr. Pott thinks, that this is owing to a paralysis of the part. In these instances, the glutaei muscles and the ligaments are in a very relaxed state, and the disease most probably, in a very great measure, originates from weakness. Amongst the most useful means of relief are, the cold bath, the bark, iron, setons, and vitriolic acid.


Vel Condrilla, (from Chondrilla 2113 a grain of any corn; so called, because it emits small particles of gum resembling grain). It is a species of succory, the root of which is perennial, and the leaves minutely indented.

The only species of chondrilla in the Species Planta-rum, is the C. juncea Sp. Pi. 1120; and the different species of former authors are dispersed under the preceding and following genera, lactuca, and prenanthes; but no species has the slightest pretence to any medicinal power, though the gum of the lactuca perennis, the chondrilla cerulea of Casper Bauhine, has been used as an emmenagogue.