(From Melilotus 4907 honey, and the lotus,) lotus sylvestris, sertulacompana, trifolium cabal-linum, corona regia, common melilot, trifolium meli-lotus officinalis Lin. Sp. Pl. 1078, is a plant with smooth, oval, striated leaves, standing three together on slender pedicles, and round, striated, branched stalks, terminated by long spikes of papilionaceous flowers dropping downward, followed by short, thick, wrinkled pods, containing each one or two roundish seeds. It is annual, or biennial, and flowers in hedges and cornfields the greatest part of the summer.

Melilot is emollient, and supposed to be anodyne, participating of the virtue of camomile. Its taste is unpleasant, somewhat acrid and salt, but not bitter; when fresh it hath little smell, but in drying acquires a strong aromatic though disagreeable odour. The distilled water of melilot, though of little smell, remarkably heightens that of other substances. It formerly gave name to a plaster, to which its juice imparted a green colour; but it is now seldom used.

Melilotus major. See Lotus urbana.