(From the Arabic mum, wax). Mummy signifies pissasphaltum, bitumen, or a brown fluid found in sepulchres, in which bodies embalmed have been preserved many years; sometimes a carcass dried by the sun and sands, of the consistence of horn, and light, called white mummies. In general, the embalmed bodies from Egypt, preserved with peculiar care, swathed in linen, impregnated with bituminous matter, and adorned with hieroglyphics, have this appellation.

Mumia medullae is the marrow of the bones. Mumia elementorum, a balsam of the external elements. (Paracelsus and Van Helmont.) Mumia transmarina, manna. Water deposited in a phial from breathing in it has the same appellation. Mumia sometimes means the subtle, spirituous, ethereal substance, supposed to be innate in every body, and to remain in some measure after death. The mummy taken from a human body is a resinous matter, hath a hardened, black, shining surface, is acrid and bitter to the taste, and of a fragrant smell. That which is particularly called mummy of the Arabians is a fluid liquor, obtained in sepulchres by exudation from carcasses embalmed with aloes, myrrh, and balsam.