It should be borne in mind, too, that the representatives should, as far as possible, be chosen by their own group or agency and that there should be a Negro executive on the Negro side of the equation. There are so many details requiring constant attention if success is to be assured, that, in all but the least populous communities, executives should be paid, and service consequently required. Executives on both sides of the racial divide in such delicate and difficult relations should be persons who can act promptly when action is necessary and who can wait patiently when action may best be deferred.

Fifth, to insure satisfactory contacts as members of the two races strive together toward mutual ends, there is need of some appreciation of distinctive racial attitudes, impulses, and habits of thought and action as indicated in Chapters III and V. The Negro representatives come into such councils possessing, among other things, a keen response to personalities, with pleasure in friendly conversation, with a warmth of cheerfulness, and a play of wit. The white representatives have a sharp perception of the economic values and relations and less of the humorous and more of the aggressive, executive cast of mind. On the Negro side, indirect approach or patient waiting is the method of action with difficult problems, while on the white side there is strenuous pursuit that overrides the difficulty or smashes it.

It frequently happens, therefore, that the white mem-bers of such organizations become impatient at the slower moving methods of Negroes. Negroes, on the other hand, often chafe because of the pushing, executive methods of white members. Understanding and insight into such variations in reactions may forestall much friction and smooth the path for many negotiations. Of course, there are Negroes who have so far absorbed the American idea of haste and efficiency that many of the human equations on the Negro side are overlooked. These persons, however, are often not as successful in dealing with their own as they would have others believe. Many more cooperative efforts of the two races would succeed in their purpose if those promoting them would take more care that their minds meet.

Finally, real cooperation means operating together, each mindful of the full interest of the other or ready to give and take for the sake of reaching a common goal. Where one race or the other thinks more highly of itself or of its interests than it ought to think, such joint operation is practically unworkable. As the American ideals propagated in our homes, our schools, churches, government, and voluntary agencies impress themselves upon Negroes, it is no longer possible to treat them as less than freemen or as children. They may not know all the American ways of doing things, but they are now awake to what it means to be free. Negro progress in agriculture, industry, art, literature, science, and religion is now a fact recognized by all fair-minded observers. White Americans are gradually coming to see that race relations in the future require that they work not simply for, but with Negroes.

The ideas that the welfare of one race is bound up with the welfare of the other, that what helps one helps the other and what injures one cannot help the other, and that cooperative action and friendly contact are the way of progress for both races is slowly but surely being carried over to the people.