Finally, probably as big a problem as any other is to cultivate the ideal of respect of each race for human personality no matter what happens to be the color of the covering. Most social and racial friction the world over grows out of the disregard of persons based upon superficial sight of the complexion. Negroes, even the humblest of them, do not want to be treated as nobodies. They never did. Many of them unconsciously cry out for their outraged personalities because of the limitations placed upon them more than because of the discomforts they undergo. Men undergo untold discomforts and difficulties with fortitude when their morale is unaffected. On the other hand, the effect of present restrictions often leads Negroes to disregard the depths of human sympathy in the bosoms of white people.

In the conclusion of the matter, whether we acknowledge it or not, the inseparable inheritance of the two races binds their welfare to-day and determines their progress to-morrow. We have tried the ways of war, of repression by force at great cost and increasing turmoil. Where progress and development of the two races is impartially studied, it becomes very clear that improvement in the intelligence and wealth of the one race has been bound up with the advancement of the other. Is it not time to capitalize this constructive, cooperative experience in the way of good-will? The task of amicable race relations at home and abroad involves the finding of ways of discovery and expression in action of this goodwill. White and Negro Americans work together as men and women facing common problems in the same land - problems of economic adjustment, problems of education, problems of civic and political justice, problems of public opinion as they strive toward national ideals. There have been and doubtless will continue to be conflicting interests. Deeper than these surface waves, however, there are doubtless greater cooperative impulses and interests for those who are settled upon the same soil. Experience has shown that brutal force only increases the evils and postpones just settlement.

Patiently, persistently, with a smile on his face, the Negro has borne a large part of the heat of the furnace fires of friction. Here and there through the centuries of his trials he has touched the friendly hand of the Caucasian who has loved truth and goodness better than wealth or power. As the world struggles forward toward peace, it is not simply to get back to where we were before the World War, but far beyond - to where we may control our wealth and our intelligence to develop the beauty, usefulness, goodness, and truth in all people. The development of the Negro and the experiment of wholesome race relations in America have a potential contribution of experience to make, setting examples and illustrating principles that will affect race relations in Africa, South America, and Asia. The sincerity and the resultant power of our religious profession of brotherhood are being tested as by fire ere America goes forth to carry the message to other lands.

As history and science open the scroll of the centuries, we see that the course of human progress has time after time been modified by religious impulses and ideals that have changed the feelings, the attitudes, and the actions of tribes and nations and races. Among the peasants of Palestine, came in the course of time, the Man of Galilee preaching that in their relations peoples and races should understand that they were children of a common Father. His life and work have changed the trend of the races by continuously moving the world toward an application of the principles of the Prince of Peace.