The Church doubtless ranks next to the home as the conservator of our ideals of brotherhood and justice. In all ages and in all climes men have looked to religion for assistance in their life problems. Out of their efforts to find God and to secure His help have grown their doctrine and ritual to guide religious activities. The Christian Church is the institution that brings down to us the ideals of her Founder and the experience and ritual of those who have followed in His train. Pagan elements sometimes crept in and caused many to misjudge her work and her mission, but as time passes, the Church shakes these off and moves on toward the goal of the Fatherhood of God and the universal brotherhood of man.

Churches in America have had New World problems to deal with from the founding of the colonies. The year before the Pilgrims set foot on Plymouth Rock in New England, twenty Africans were sold into slavery in Virginia under the shadow of the English Church, and human slavery, the stumbling-block for hundreds of years to come, was placed upon our shores. In the years which followed, the vested economic interest in land, in slaves, in slave-trade and its profits so blurred the vision of many churchmen that the humanitarian and religious recognition of personality in all humankind and the abolition of slavery was postponed.

When agricultural, industrial, and commercial motives could no longer silence conscience, many church denominations split on the question of holding human beings in bondage, - and they are still struggling to bridge the chasm which the controversy created. To-day a stumbling-block is the question of admitting the dark-skinned former slave into the reorganized brotherhood. So long as white churchmen regard Negro churchmen as anything less than human beings; full fairness in thought about them and brotherly action toward them are improbable dreams. To deny their full personality and at the same time give equality in industry, politics, and education are impracticable. So long as Negro churchmen meet white churchmen with distrust and dissimulation, genuine good-will and cooperative action are remote expectations.

The white church has the resources in men and money to do what it wills in America. The success in securing prohibition legislation is only one illustration of what it can do when it wills. The clergy have the ear of the people, and they can tell them that their religious professions and their democratic pronouncements must bring peace and good-will into the relations of white people and Negro people in America in order to convince a waiting world of American sincerity in promoting cooperation in international relations.