These Colonies, if represented in the House of Commons, must be represented on some principle of proportion - a proportion, let us say, according to population. But that, at a moment of crisis, might leave the voices of the Colonial Representatives to be utterly overborne by the preponderance of voices coming from men who had no direct interest in the Colonies. That, however, does not seem to be a difficulty with which it would be quite beyond the wit of man to deal; and there have, indeed, been various schemes suggested to secure the solid right of representation by other ways as well as by that of election to the Imperial Parliament. At present the mind of Australia is much occupied by the mere question of federation among the Australian and the Australasian Colonies themselves; but no system of local federation could of itself meet the objection which is found in the fact that the Colonies are still liable to a share in the risks of a war when they have no share in the policy by which it is originated and guided. Some of our politicians, here at home, used to be fond of saying, at one time, that the solution is quite easy - that if the Colonies do not like us they can leave us and set up for themselves. We hear, of late, much less of this kind of talk; and for one reason or another there has been growing up a much stronger desire on the part of the people at home, and indeed of the people across the ocean as well, to do everything that can be done in order to maintain the connection between the Mother Country and the Colonies. Much of this feeling is due to the frequent intercommunication which is now taking place between the inhabitants of the Mother Country and the inhabitants of the Colonies. Men visit Canada, and even Australia now, as readily as their grandfathers would have visited France or Italy. The Canadians and the Australians come over here every season, and take part in our great public ceremonials. England is growing more and more proud of her Colonies; proud of the prosperity they have made for themselves, of their increase in population, and in education - they have taught us many lessons, it may be observed, in popular education - in the great cities which are rising and have risen on the shores of what only a few generations ago were lonely and shipless harbours. The feeling is too good on both sides to leave any doubt on the mind that some arrangement can be come to which shall bring the Colonies and the Mother Country more closely into the union of one Imperial system, while leaving to each its absolute independence in the management of its domestic affairs. The principle of federation contains in it the solution of all the difficulty, and that principle of federation, so far as this Empire is concerned, began with the system which was devised by Lord Durham when he laid the foundation of the Dominion of Canada.