The ease with which waste-paper can be baled with a home-made paper-baler like that described in this chapter, recommends its use in every home. The baler compresses paper into compact bales that require little storage space; therefore, a large enough number of bales can be accumulated, before calling in the junk-dealer, to make a sale that
Fig. 98. - The Paper-Baler after Binding-Cords have been Adjusted, Waste Paper Thrown in, the Compressor Board Put in Place, and the Compressor-Lever Thrown over, Pushed Down and Locked
Fig. 99. - The Paper-Baler with Front Removed. The Bale is now Ready for Tying will be worth while. The possession of a baler will encourage the conservation of waste-paper, will lessen the temptation to destroy it.
After you have built a paper-baler for home use, see if your neighbors would not like to have you make one for them.
Fig. 100. - The Paper-Baler with Lever Raised and the Bound Bale
Figure 98 shows the baler after the binding cords have been adjusted, waste-paper has been thrown into the recep-table, the compressor board placed on top, and the compressor lever thrown over, pushed down and fastened. Figure 99 shows the baler with its front removed. The binding-cord should now be tied. Figure 100 shows the lever raised and the bound bale removed. Figure 101 is a longitudinal section through the baler, and Fig. 102 is a cross-section. Figure 103 shows the parts unassembled, with their relative positions indicated. You will find the dimensions upon Figs. 101 and 102.
Fig. 101. - Longitudinal Section of Baler
Perhaps you can get a box of the right size for
The Base of the Baler, the parts of which are lettered A,
B, and C in Fig. 103. This must be of the right size to hold newspapers folded in half.
The bottom must project 1 inch beyond end pieces A, as shown.
When these parts have been assembled, cut the four end strips D, and nail two to each of the end pieces A, placing the rear strips even with the back edge of board B, and the front strips with their front edge projecting 1 inch beyond end pieces A. Cut board E (Fig. 103) to fit between the rear pair of strips D. Cut the four strips F, 1 inch square, by a length equal to the width of board E, and fasten one in each of the corners formed by board E and strips D,
Fig. 102. - Cross-Section of Baler
Fig. 103. - How the Parts are Assembled and one to each of the front pair of strips D flush with the front edge of end pieces A. The latter pair of strips complete the inner face of the slide for sliding-front H; the slide is completed by strips G, nailed to the front edge of strips D. Make sliding-front H to fit loosely in the slides. The Compressor Top (J, Fig. 103) is made of the right size to fit loosely between strips F. Fasten the boards together with a pair of battens (K).
Fig. 104. - The Compressor Lever
Fig. 105. - How the Compressor Lever is Pivoted
Fig. 106. - How the Compressor Lever is Held Down
The Compressor Lever (L, Fig. 104) is a wooden bar 1 3/4 inches square and 3 feet long. Bore a 1/2-inch hole 2 inches from one end, and pivot the bar with a 1/2-inch carriage-bolt 6 inches long (M, Fig. 105), supported by a pair of screw-eyes (N) screwed into strips D 3 inches above the top edge of end pieces A. Round off the free end of the lever for a handle (Fig. 106), attach a short piece of chain to a screw-eye screwed into it, and drive several nails into the end of the baler box opposite to that on which the lever is pivoted, to hook the chain on to (Fig. 106). This holds the lever down when the paper has been compressed.
How the Paper-Baler is Operated. Cords for tying the bale of paper must be arranged inside of the baler before the paper is thrown in. These cords must be very strong so there will be no danger of their breaking. Pass the cords around rods Q in the bottom of the baler, and around rods S on the under side of the compressor top (Figs. 101 and 102). Rods Q slip through holes bored through the ends of the baler (Fig. 100), and the inner ends slip through screw-eyes P (Figs. 101 and 102); rods S are of the length of top J, and they slip through screw-eyes R.
After enough paper to make a bale has been compressed, and the compressor-lever has been fastened down, remove the sliding-front of the baler, and tie the binding cords, then withdraw rods Q (Fig. 101), remove the bale from the box, and withdraw rods S. The compressor top must be lifted out with the bale, because the rods S cannot be withdrawn until after the bale and top have been taken out.
Crushed paper, and torn bits of paper compress into a surprisingly small bulk. A dozen times, probably, you will put into the baler what you think is enough paper to make a bale, and even after the twelfth time find room for more. When small pieces of paper are being baled, a newspaper or other large piece of paper must be placed in the bottom of the baler, for the start of the bale, and another large piece must be placed on top, to hold in the small pieces. After a bale has been removed from the baler, tie a heavy cord around it endwise, to reinforce the other two bindings.