The Book-Trough and Magazine-Stand shown in Fig. 230 makes a most convenint piece of furniture for a library or living-room, to hold books and magazines of recent issue.

Figure 232 shows a material list. Only five pieces of boards are required, two end pieces (A), two trough strips (B), and a shelf (C). If you order 1-inch boards planed upon both faces, known as surfaced-two-sides (s-2-s), they will measure between 3/4 inch and 13/16 inch thick when you get them, because 1-inch boards are sawed about 7/8 inch thick, nowadays, and about 1/8 inch is taken off in surfacing. In the case of this piece of furniture, and the pieces preceding it, 3/4-inch stock will be in better proportion than thicker material.

Figure 233 is a cross-section of the completed trough and stand, with dimensions, Fig. 234 is a side view, Fig. 235 is an end view, and Figs. 237 and 238 are patterns of the shelf and trough boards.

You will find upon the detail drawings every measurement necessary for preparing the parts. The ends should be cut first. Saw these to the right length and width, and cut the side edges to the right taper. Then make a card-board pattern, or templet, of the lower end, with the curve carefully laid out (Fig. 236), and mark out around this upon each piece of board. With a bracket-saw or coping-saw cut the curve, sawing close to the lines, and with a chisel and sandpaper smooth up the edge.

Small Furniture Problems 158

Fig. 230. - Book-Trough and Magazine-Stand.

Small Furniture Problems 159

Fig. 231. - Telephone Table and Chair.

Small Furniture Problems 160

Fig. 232. - Material Required for Book-Trough and Magazine-Stand (Fig. 230)

Fig. 233. - Cross-Section Fig. 234. - Side View Fig. 235. - End View Fig. 236. - Bottom of End Pieces Fig. 237. - Shelf Fig. 238. - Trough Board

With the end pieces cut, mortises to receive the ends of the trough and shelf boards must be marked out and cut. Upon the accuracy of this work depends the perfect fitting together of parts. The mortises for trough strips B must be placed at right angles to each other, and all mortises must be 1/8 inch less than the board-end measurement, on all sides. Cut them 1/2 inch deep. Tenons must be prepared upon the board ends to fit the mortises, as indicated upon the diagrams (Figs. 237 and 238). The shoulders of these tenons will lap over the edges of the mortises when the parts are assembled, and will conceal them; they will also help to brace the work. The mortises must be cut 1/8 inch deeper than the tenons, and the tenons must be made to fit loosely enough so that when they are coated with glue, previous to assembling the parts, they will drive in easily, yet be tight enough to make a snug fit. Use a chisel with which to cut the mortises. Cut down along the sides, first, then chip out the wood between, and smooth off the bottoms. Cut the shoulders with a fine-tooth saw. With the mortises and tenons carefully prepared, the book-trough and magazine-stand can be glued up. Glue alone will hold the work, but screws must be driven in to reinforce the joining. Four screws driven through each end, one into each of the book-trough strips, and two into the shelf board, as indicated in Fig. 235, will be sufficient. Locate the holes in the positions shown, and with a gimlet or wood-bit drill holes through the end pieces, and into the ends of boards B and C, making the holes in the end pieces a trifle larger than the screw shank, the holes in the ends of boards B and C a trifle smaller than the screw shanks.

Buy round-head blued iron finishing-screws 3/16-inch in diameter and 2 inches in length, for the work.

A Telephone Table and Chair are two serviceable pieces of furniture which a handy boy can easily make. If there is no telephone in the house, the table and chair will be useful in the front hallway - the table to hold a card-tray, the chair for the stranger who is awaiting mother or father.

The Table, shown in Fig. 231, has a shelf on which to keep the telephone directory. This shelf is placed at the right height so the chair seat will slide underneath it, and the chair back has been made low enough to slide under the edge of the table top, so the chair can be kept entirely under the table when not in use.