In my paragraphs on the Brutal Murderer's Hand, I did not hesitate to qualify his horrible propensity to take human life as a disease, and I believe that this affirmation is In accord with the dicta of the most prominent scientists of our times, who are now transferring from the Moral to the Physical domain these abnormal manifestations of an ill-balanced nature.

And this brings me still lower down in the scale of Hands, which we have begun reading downward since we diagnosed, with d'Arpentigny, the Elementary Hand, Below the Criminal, almost in a level with him, we meet the Congenital Idiot, the half-developed brain, the Child for Life.

IX The Idiot s Hand 39

(This example, taken from life, is wider and better than the average.]

His hand will be so ill-shaped as often to be justly called crippled. The Palm will be thick, soft, longer than the Fingers and generally narrow; this narrowness increased by the position of the Thumb, set very high and only half detached from the side of the hand; very-short, besides, clumsy and ill-shaped. The Fingers are hardly more than one-half the normal size; their Phalanges are twisted and their Tips rounded and shapeless; I have often found them inclining to the Spatulate type, a sign of the violent disposition, so often found in those poor, half-witted creatures.

I do not pursue farther my downgrade study of hands. Soon we should reach the lower Human Races, then the Ape. As for the Insane - not born insane - the shapes of their hands vary as much as did their own original tendencies before the dark shadow settled upon their brain x., xi., xii., xiii. mixed hands.

Here I have not to antagonize but to complete the remarks and definitions of d'Arpentigny concerning those Hands, the most commonly met with - I might almost say the only ones we meet - to which he has applied the name of Mixed.

They include, in my opinion, those Hands in which the Finger-tips do not all four belong to one and the same type, but which present, generally, two Fingertips of a type and two of another. Rather disdainfully, d'Arpentigny says of such hands (which are, after all, the hands that make the world go):

"The intelligence which is revealed by a mixed hand is one which partakes of the nature of the intelligences attached to each of the forms represented. Without these hands, that is to say, without the mixed intelligence peculiar to them, society - deprived of its lights and shades, and without moral alkalis to effect the combination of its acids, and to amalgamate and modify them, would advance only by struggles and leaps." And he adds:

"Well, it is to mixed hands that the intelligence of mixed works of intermediary ideas belong; of sciences which are not really sciences, such as administration and commerce; of arts, which are not the outcome of poetry; and of the beauties Mid the relative realities of industry. "Men whose hands present the forms of a particular type have minds which are more powerful in one direction than versatile; men whose hands are of mixed types have minds which are more versatile than powerful. The conversation of the former is instructive, that of the latter is amusing; it is for these latter above all, that a powerful education, judiciously adapted to the development of the most prominent faculty of their minds, is an immense benefit.

"Apt for many pursuits, mixed hands nevertheless often excel in none in particular; a great moral indifference is their endowment. The hand which belongs to a particular type, on the contrary, is the sacred shrine in which God has placed the imperishable germ which is destined to renew or to reveal every art, every science hitherto ignored, or for a long time lost sight of. Its promptings, too imperious to be disobeyed, too significant to be mistaken, give it the clear knowledge of itself; it knows what it wants, and. like the animals which are guided by an infallible instinct, it desires nothing that it cannot possibly attain."

Now that we have been told, rather too plainly, what are the weak, contemptible points of these Indispensable Hands, let me give you the principle which I have found rules most of the Combination of Finger tips:

The First and Fourth Fingers - in the great majority of hands - are of a more Pointed or Conical type than the Second and Third Fingers of the same hand.

And I explain this by referring you to the Introduction to this work and to my Chapter on Lines in General in Part Third. In both places. I mention the fact of the Vital or Electric Fluid penetrating through the First Finger - always, comparatively pointed or conical, so as to better attract the same fluid; this is the As pir. The Expir takes places through the fourth finger, the Projector, as the first finger is the Attractor - hence the pointed or conical tendency of the fourth finger.

IX The Idiot s Hand 40

Of course it would be impossible to present a complete list of all the possihle Combinations of Finger-Tips, but the following will be found the most frequently met with, and for the others I refer you in my separate readings for every finger, which can be easily combined by any intelligent student. Remember that all that is supplied you is a hint, pointing out the right direction in which to seek for wider, logical interpretations.

First and Fourth Fingers Pointed, Second and Third Conical.

In a good hand - Lofty ambition (i), love of science for its own sake (4), a healthy religious belief (2), a noble comprehension of art (3).

In a bad hand - Crazy pride (l), Constant dishonest scheming (4), superstition (2), art misapplied (3).

First and Fourth Fingers Pointed, Second and Third Square.

In a good hand - Lofty ambition (1), eloquence of a very high order (4), prudence (a), truth in art efforts (3).

In a had hand - Crazy pride (1), past master in diplomacy (4), misanthropy(2), art used for evil purposes (3).

First and Fourth Fingers Conical, Second and Third Square.

In a good hand - Love of reading worthy fiction (1), aptitude for science and inventions (4), prudence and love of agriculture (2), mind much inclined toward art, music, literature (3).

In a bad hand - Vanity (1), commercial dishonesty {4), false idea of religion (2), art practiced for lucre (3),

First and Fourth Fingers Conical, Second and Third Spatulate.

In a good hand - Love of reading books of travel (l), speculations in far-off lands (4). constant activity (2), painters, writers, etc., of historical subjects (3)

In a bad hand - Loud bragging (1). Napoleons of finance (4), irreligion (2), realism in art (3).

The Woman's.