The different creatures here mentioned I think best to describe in a separate chapter from the minnows in order to fit in with the illustrations. It is a remarkable and perhaps a wise provision of nature that not one of the creatures that game-fishes comsume as food is considered fit for human beings to eat. All of them live and breed in or adjacent to the water, and while limited in number, they are remarkably diverse in their characteristic habits. I give here a few notes - along with colored pictures - to briefly describe them, which I hope will be sufficient to furnish those unfamiliar with them some idea of what they are, and how they live and act in their natural state, in order to assist the angler to an intelligent and effective use of the artificial imitations. These if played properly and with an understanding of the habits of the real creatures will give the angler a peculiarly gratifying reward; they will induce a thoughtful study of the best manoeuvres for seducing the fish, and will enable him with a little practice to catch the big ones. The most conspicuous thing which induces game-fish to grab live bait on the hook is the habit of a wriggling movement while in the water, actively trying to get free from the hook.