This section is from the book "Frank Forrester's Fishermens' Guide", by Frank Forrester.
This is an Irish salt water fish, similar in appearance to the tom cod. In Galway bay, and other sea inlets of Ireland, the hake is exceedingly abundant, And is taken in great numbers. It is also found in England, and France. Since the Irish immigration O America, the hake has followed in the wake of their masters, as it is now found in New York bay, in the waters around Boston, and off Cape Cod Here it is called the stock-fish, and the Bostonians call them poor Johns. [Poor Pats would be more appropriate.] It is a singular fact that until within a few years this fish was never seen in America. It does not grow so large here as in Europe, though here they are from ten to eighteen inches in length. They are fished for by day or by night, and bite the most readily when the tide is running strong, either out or in. The tackle used is similar to that described for black fish, the hook being No. 4 Limerick salmon. Shrimp, clams or crabs - either of them is good bait. The general color of this fish is a reddish brown, with some golden tints - the sides being of a pink silvery lustre. It is exceedingly voracious, and affords considerable sport in fishing, though our sportsmen seldom go in pursuit of it.