This section is from the book "Frank Forrester's Fishermens' Guide", by Frank Forrester.
The color and appearance of this fish show it to be a true perch, though its form and habits are like the pike, or pickerel. Its back is of a yellowish olive, the sides lighter, but mottled with black, the belly white, and the head of a brownish color, mottled with green. This fish is taken in great abundance in some of the Western lakes and rivers, including the Susquehanna and its tributary streams, and in the valley of the Mohawk is called the Mohawk pike. He is exceedingly voracious, and with proper tackle and bait is easily caught. A bass rod and tackle is the proper one, with Limerick salmon hook Nos. 4 or 5. The bait should be a live minnow or shiner. The size of the fish varies from ten to twelve inches in length, weighing from two or three pounds to ten, twelve and even twenty pounds. In rivers they frequent the neighborhood of swift running water, and in lakes they are found in deep holes, and under weeds, stumps, etc. The yellow pike is an excellent table fish, and highly prized at the West, where they are caught in great abundance. It spawns in April and May.