By the doctrine of marshaling,186 where a prior mortgagee is entitled to satisfaction of his debt out of two parcels of land, a junior mortgagee, who has a lien on only one of these parcels, may be subrogated to the rights of the prior mortgagee;187 and some cases hold that the prior mortgagor may be compelled to enforce payment as far as possible out of the land which the subsequent mortgage does not cover.188

Relief of the Real by the Personal Estate.

The personal estate of a decedent is the primary fund for the payment of his debts, and therefore the deceased owner's personal property is to be applied to the payment of mortgages on his realty,189

182 Johnson v. Zink, 51 N. Y. 333; Stillman's Ex'rs v. Stillman, 21 N. J. Eq. 128; Greenwell v. Heritage, 71 Mo. 459.

183 Wilton v. Mayberry, 75 Wis. 191, 43 N. W. 901; Downer v. Miller, 15 Wis. 612; Kitcbell v. Mudgett, 37 Mich. 81; Bolman v. Lohman, 74 Ala. 507.

184 Gossin v. Brown, 11 Pa. St. 527; Richeson v. Crawford, 94 111. 165; Dick v. Moon, 26 Minn. 309, 4 N. W. 39; Motley v. Harris, 1 Lea (Tenn.) 577.

185 Demott v. Manufacturing Co., 32 N. J. Eq. 124.

186 See Fetter, Eq. p. 256.

187 Detroit Sav. Bank v. Truesdall, 38 Mich. 430; Alexander v. Welch, 10 111. App. 181; Washington Bldg. & Loan Ass'n v. Beaghen, 27 N. J. Eq. 98; Herbert v. Association, 17 N. J. Eq. 497.

188 Ball v. Setzer, 33 W. Va. 441, 10 S. E. 798; Sherron v. Acton (N. J. Ch.) 18 Atl. 978; Abbott v. Powell, 6 Sawy. 91, Fed. Cas. No. 13. And see, for other applications, Brown v. Mckay, 151 111. 315, 37 N. E. 1037; Cullen v. Trust Co., 6 Minn. 6, 61 N. W. 818; Witt v. Rice, 90 Iowa, 451, 57 N. W. 951; Henkel v. Bohnke, 7 Tex. Civ. App. 16, 26 S. W. 645; Hanes v. Denby (N. J. Ch.) 28 Atl. 798; Black v. Reno, 59 Fed. 917.

189 Hoff's Appeal, 24 Pa. St. 200; Lupton v. Lupton, 2 Johns. Ch. (N. Y.) 614; Parsons v. Freeman, Amb. 115; Woods v. Huntingford, 3 Ves. 128. But see Tweddell v. Tweddell, 2 Brown, Ch. 101; Scott v. Beecher, 5 Madd. 96; Loosemore v. Knapman, Kay, 123.

Unless he has expressed a contrary intention.190 This right can, however, be claimed only by the widow, heirs, or devisees.191 Nor can it be enforced against any others than the personal representative, next of kin, or residuary legatee.192 It is not available against creditors, or when the personal estate is insolvent,193 nor against a specific legatee.194