Tenancy by the curtesy is the life estate which is given by law to the husband in real property owned by his wife. It is established by

1. A valid marriage and birth of a child.

2. Ownership in the wife at her death. 3. Death of the wife.

4. No disposition by wife's will.

It will be seen at once that this estate is very different from dower. Curtesy may be defeated by the wife, by deed at any time during her life, or if she disposes of the real property by will. Consequently the husband's interest, unlike dower, is of no practical effect until the death of the wife and even then her will may cut off his right. If all the conditions exist however, then the husband becomes entitled to the total income from the property as long as he live.