1869. 32 & 33 Vict. c. 46. Hinde Palmer's Act.

S. 1. In the administration of the estate of every person who shall die on or after the 1st day of January 1870 no debt or liability of such person shall be entitled to any priority or preference by reason merely that the same is secured by or arises under a bond deed or other instrument under seal or is otherwise made or constituted a specialty debt but all the creditors of such person as well specialty as simple contract shall be treated as standing in equal degree and be paid accordingly out of the assets of such deceased person whether such assets are legal or equitable any statute or other law to the contrary notwithstanding: provided always that this Act shall not prejudice or affect any lien charge or other security which any creditor may hold or be entitled to for the payment of his debt.

1874. 37 & 38 Vict. c. 57. Real Property Limitation Act.

S. 1. After the commencement of this Act no person shall make an entry or distress or bring an action or suit to recover any land or rent but within twelve years next after the time at which the right to make such entry or distress or to bring such action or suit shall have first accrued to some person through whom he claims; or if such right shall not have accrued to any person through whom he claims, then within twelve years next after the time at which the right to make such entry or distress or to bring such action or suit shall have first accrued to the. person making or bringing the same.

1877. 40 & 41 Vict. c. 33. Contingent Remainders Act.

S. 1. Every contingent remainder created by any instrument executed after the passing of this Act or by any will or codicil revived or republished by any will or codicil executed after that date in tenements or hereditaments of any tenure which would have been valid as a springing or shifting use or executory devise or other limitation had it not had a sufficient estate to support it as a contingent remainder (b) shall in the event of the particular estate determining before the contingent remainder vests be-capable of taking effect in all respects as if the contingent, remainder had originally been created as a springing or shifting use or executory devise or other executory limitation.

(b) It has been suggested that a gift without a use, "to A for life remainder to his first son who shall reach 21," would not be saved by this Act if A died before the son reached 21, because a grant "to the first son of A who shall reach 21," standing by itself, and thus not having "a sufficient estate to support it as a contingent remainder," would be void at Common law. This may be so, although the Courts would probably strive to give the fullest possible effect to the statute.

1881. 44 & 45 Vict. c. 41. Convyancing Act, 1881.

S. 7. (1) In a conveyance there shall in the several cases in this section mentioned, be deemed to be included, and there shall in those several cases by virtue of this Act, be implied, a covenant to the effect in this section stated, by the person or by each person who conveys, as far as regards the subject matter or share of subject matter expressed to be conveyed by him, with the person, if one, to whom the conveyance is made, or with the persons jointly, if more than one, to whom the conveyance is made, as joint tenants or with each of the persons if more than one, to whom the conveyance is made as tenants in common that is to say:

(A) In a conveyance for valuable consideration other than a mortgage the following covenant by a person who conveys and is expressed to convey as beneficial owner (namely):

That, notwithstanding anything by the person who so conveys, or any one through whom he derives title otherwise than by purchase for value made done executed or omitted or knowingly suffered the person who so conveys, has, with the concurrence of every other person, if any, conveying by his direction full power to convey the subject-matter expressed to be conveyed, subject as, if so expressed, and in the manner in which, it is expressed to be conveyed, and that notwithstanding anything as aforesaid that subject-matter shall remain to and be quietly entered upon received and held occupied enjoyed and taken by the person to whom the conveyance is expressed to be made and any person deriving title under him and the benefit thereof shall be received and taken accordingly without any lawful interruption or disturbance by the person who so conveys or any person conveying by his direction, or rightfully claiming or to claim by through under or in trust for the person who so conveys or any person conveying by his direction or by through or under any one not being a person claiming in respect of an estate or interest subject whereto the conveyance is expressly made through whom the person who so conveys derives title otherwise than by purchase for value; and that, freed and discharged from or otherwise by the person who so conveys sufficiently indemnified against all such estates incumbrances claims and demands other than those subject to which the conveyance is expressly made as either before or after the date of the conveyance have been or shall be made occasioned or suffered by that person or by any person conveying by his direction or by any person rightfully claiming by through under or in trust for the person who so conveys or by through or under any person conveying by his direction or by through or under any one through whom the person who so conveys derives title otherwise than by purchase for value and further that the person who so conveys and any person conveying by his direction and every other person having or rightfully claiming any estate or interest in the subject matter of conveyance other than an estate or interest subject whereto the conveyance is expressly made by through under or in trust for the person who so conveys or by through or under any person conveying by his direction or by through or under any one through whom the person who so conveys derives title otherwise than by purchase for value will from time to time and at all times after the date of the conveyance on the request and at the cost of any person to whom the conveyance is expressed to be made or of any person deriving title under him execute and do all such lawful assurances and things for further or more perfectly assuring the subject-matter of the conveyance to the person to whom the conveyance is made and to those deriving title under him subject as if so expressed and in the manner in which the conveyance is expressed to be made as by him or them or any of them shall be reasonably required: (in which covenant a purchase for value shall not be deemed to include a conveyance in consideration of marriage):