Champfleury, The Popular Name Of Jules Fleury, a French author, born at Laon, Sept. 10, 1821. He is the son of a municipal officer, became clerk in a publishing house in Paris, described his literary and journalistic struggles in Confessions de Sylvius and Les aventures de Mairiette, wrote Contes d'hiver, de printonps, d'eie et d'automne, and acquired fame by his Chien-Caillou (1847), and by his pantomimes, which led in 18G3 to his becoming director of the Funambules theatre. In 1848 he was one of the founders of the Evenement newspaper, and in 1849 he wrote Les oies du Noel for Proudhon's Voix du Peuple. Prominent among his numerous works is Les bourgeois de Molinchart (1854), a satire on provincial life, which placed him at the head of the realistic school. A collection of his writings was published in 1857 under the title of Œuvres completes (partly republished in his Œuvres illus-trees), which has since been increased by many volumes, including his Histoire de la caricature antique et de la caricature moderne (2 vols., 1805; new ed., 1872).