Charles Gnillaume Marie Apollinaire Antoine Cousin-Montauban Palikao, count de, a French soldier, born in Paris, June 24, 1796. In early life he served in the French army in Spain, and afterward in Algeria, where he became a general of division in 1855. In 1858-9 he held various commands in France, and in 1860 distinguished himself as commander in China, in conjunction with the English forces, especially at Pa-li-kia-ho (Sept. 21), whence his title. The spoliation of the Chinese summer palace near Peking caused the legislative body to disallow the annuity of 50,000 francs which had been proposed for him ; but it was discovered in 1872 that the emperor had appropriated 600,000 francsr from the Chinese indemnity for the benefit of Palikao, without a shadow of authority. In August, 1870, after the first reverses of the French arms, he succeeded Emile Ollivier as prime minister, and acted at the same time as minister of war. He organized a large force at Chalons, formed several new army corps, placed Trochu in command of Paris, published fictitious reports of victories, and was held in a great measure responsible for the disaster of Sedan, after which he fled to Belgium. In December, 1871, he published a vindication of his administration.