Georg August Schweinferth, a German traveller, born in Riga, Sept. 29, 1836. He studied in Heidelberg, Munich, and Berlin, devoting himself especially to botany, and set out in 1864 on a journey through the valley of the Nile and the Egyptian coast lands on the Red sea, for the purpose of investigating the flora and fauna in those regions. He returned to Cairo in 1865, and made a second expedition up the Blue Nile as far as Khartoom. Reaching Europe again in July, 1866, he spent two years in Berlin in classifying and describing the botanical, zoölogical, and geological specimens collected in his travels. Going again to Khartoom in 1868, he explored the White Nile and the Gazelle, and penetrated inland to the west as far as Ion. 26° E., and to the south as far as Munza, about lat. 3° 30' N., through the little known regions of the Shellooks, Dinkas, and Niam-Niam, and the kingdom of Monbut-too. These travels occupied three years, and after spending a season in Sicily, Malta, and Rome, he arrived in Germany in July, 1872. In 1875 the khedive made him president of an Egyptian geographical society, which is to issue a monthly journal.

He has published Versuch einer Vegetationsskizze (Berlin, 1862); Planloe quoedam Niloticoe (1862); Beitrag zur Flora Aethiopiens (1867); Reliquioe Kotschy-aroe (18.68); and Im Herzen von Afrika (2 vols., Leipsic, 1874; English translation, "The Heart of Africa," 1874). This work contains the first trustworthy account of the pygmy race of Africa, the Akka. (See Pygmy).