Giovanni Villani, an Italian historian, born in Florence about 1280, died there in 1348. He was the son of a wealthy nobleman, and gathered in Rome and other places materials for his Istorie fiorentine (Venice and Florence, 1537-54; edited by Baccio Valori, Florence, 1587; last ed., 7 vols., Milan, 1848). Villain was regarded as a master of pure Tuscan, and the Delia Crusca academy considered his style, as presented in Valori's edition, an authority on the language. Villani is trustworthy only in regard to European and Florentine events which he witnessed himself. He brought the narrative down nearly to the time of his death; his brother Matteo continued it to the end of 1363, and Matteo's son Filippo to that of 1365. It was written in the interest of the Guelph party, to which Villani belonged, and he held various offices and also participated in Florentine wars and diplomatic negotiations. Massai's eulogy of Villani is appended to the edition of his works in 7 vols. (1802), comprised in the collection of Italian classics published at Milan.