I. Arsene, a French author, born at Bruyeres, near Laon, March 28,1815. While young he went to Paris, where his two novels, La couronne de bluets and La pecheresse, appeared in 1836. The friendship of Jules Janin and Theophile Gautier, and his association in work with Jules Sandeau, aided to establish him in the literary world. From 1844 to 1849 he was editor of L'Artiste, and his Histoire de la peinture flamande et hollandaise (fol., 1846) was aided by a subscription of 50,000 francs from the government. This work was received with popular favor, although charged with plagiarism. At the revolution of 1848 he was thrown into political prominence, and was an unsuccessful candidate for the assembly. He was manager of the Theatre Francais from 1840 to 1856, and he became one of the most notorious courtiers of the second empire. In 1861 he became one of the proprietors and the managing editor of La Presse. His numerous writings include poetry, plays, essays, and popular sketches of celebrated and fashionable women.

Among them are Nos grandes dames (4 vols., 1868), Les Parisiennes (4 vols., 1869-70), and Mademoiselle Cleopatre (new ed., 1874). II. Henry, a French author, son of the preceding, born in Paris, Feb. 24, 1848. He became known in 1867 by his Histoire d'Apelles, and his subsequent works include Histoire d'Alcioiade et de la republique athenienne depuis la mort de Pericles jusqu'd l'avenement des trente tyrans (2 vols., Paris, 1874).