Jean Jacques Barthelemy, a French archaeologist and author, born at Cassis, Jan. 20, 1716, died in Paris, April 30, 1795. He was educated for the church, and retained the title and cost nine of an abbe but devoted himself chiefly to archaeological studies. In 1753 he became director of the cabinet of medals and coins, which he made the most renowned and extensive collection in the world. While visiting Italy in 1754-7 for the acquisition of ancient medals, he formed the acquaintance of M. de Sta'mville, afterward duke de Choiseul and prime minister, who placed him in possession of handsome revenues; and though Bar-thelemy made a modest use of his good fortune, it yet exposed him to the animosity of D'Alem-bert and others. As early as 1748 he was admitted to the academy of inscriptions and belles-lettres, and in 1781) he was elected to the French academy. He was arrested in 1793, but released through the intervention of the minister of the interior. He wrote many learned disquisitions on numismatics and archaeology, published a romance and some poetry, and left the MS. of his Voyage en Italie (edited by Serieys, Paris, 1802); but his fame rests on his Voyaye du jeune Anacharsis en Grece (4 vols., 1788), on which he labored 30 years, and which has passed through many editions, serving for a long time as a text book on ancient Greece. It has been translated into English and most other European languages.