Juno, called by the Greeks Hera, in ancient mythology, a daughter of Saturn and Rhea, and the sister and wife of Jupiter. She bore the same relation to women that Jupiter did to men, and was treated with the same reverence by the Olympians as the father of gods and men himself, and styled the queen of heaven. She was surnamed, by the Greeks and Romans respectively, and Regina, as the celestial queen; and Pronuba, as the patroness of marriage ; and Lucina as presiding over childbirth. She was not, according to Homer, a very amiable, obedient, or devoted wife, and her jealousy, obstinacy, and violence often caused Jupiter to tremble on his throne. Having conspired with Neptune and Minerva to dethrone and confine him, Jupiter bound her with chains and hung her up in the clouds. Juno was the mother of Mars, Hebe, and Vulcan. The chief seats of her worship were Argos, Samos, Sparta, and Rome. Her most celebrated Hellenic temple, situated near Argos, contained a colossal statue of the goddess, made of ivory and gold. At Rome her principal temple was on the Capitoline hill, and her great festival, the matronalia, was celebrated on the 1st of March by the wives and matrons of the city. Juno is usually represented in works of art as a woman of majestic mien, crowned, and sitting in a chariot, with a peacock beside her. She was the great goddess of nature, the impersonation of maternity.